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The Placebo Effect By Anne Harrington

The Placebo Effect

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A mere "symbol" of medicine the placebo nonetheless sometimes produces "real" results. Medical science has largely discounted the placebo effect, but Harrington argues that the phenomenon is a "real" entity in its own right, one that has much to teach us about how symbols, settings, and human relationships literally get under our skin.

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The Placebo Effect Summary

The Placebo Effect: An Interdisciplinary Exploration by Anne Harrington

A mere "symbol" of medicine--the sugar pill, saline injection, doctor in a white lab coat--the placebo nonetheless sometimes produces "real" results. Medical science has largely managed its discomfort with this phenomenon by discounting the placebo effect, subtracting it as an impurity in its data through double-blind tests of new treatments and drugs. This book is committed to a different perspective--namely, that the placebo effect is a "real" entity in its own right, one that has much to teach us about how symbols, settings, and human relationships literally get under our skin. Anne Harrington's introduction and a historical overview by Elaine Shapiro and the late Arthur Shapiro, which open the book, review the place of placebos in the history of medicine, investigate the current surge in interest in them, and probe the methodological difficulties of saying scientifically just what placebos can and cannot do. Combining individual essays with a dialogue among writers from fields as far-flung as cultural anthropology and religion, pharmacology and molecular biology, the book aims to expand our ideas about what the placebo effect is and how it should be seen and studied. At the same time, the book uses the challenges and questions raised by placebo phenomena to initiate a broader interdisciplinary discussion about our nature as cultural animals: animals with minds, brains, and bodies that somehow manage to integrate "biology" and "culture," "mechanism" and "meaning," into a seamless whole.

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The Placebo Effect Reviews

To understand the placebo effect is to grasp simultaneously the success and the failure of medicine. This yin-yang comes through clearly in The Placebo Effect, which is based on the proceedings of a conference at Harvard University in late 1994. The speakers and discussants were all experts. Their charge at the conference, according to one participant, was "to create some destabilization of current thinking with respect to placebo effects." In this the text succeeds admirably...The power and the prevalence of placebo effects should interest any healer, and so should this book. From it one will learn that ultimately the placebo effect cannot be understood, for once we discover some detail of its mechanism, that knowledge will no longer be considered a placebo effect. The Lancet This book, drawing on contributions from fields as diverse as cultural anthropology, religion, pharmacology and molecular biology, reviews the roles of placebos in history and discusses the difficulties in making sense of them. At a time when quackery costs the nation an estimated $30 billion a year, such research couldn't be more timely. -- Peter Gorner Chicago Tribune This book is based on a conference at Harvard University in December 1994, sponsored by the Harvard Mind, Brain, Behavior Interfaculty Initiative. It brought under one roof some of the leading authorities on placebo and placebo effects, giving many of the chapters the unique quality of coming straight from the "the horse's mouth." The placebo has become a familiar concept among biomedical researchers and practitioners since it became a prerequisite in randomized, controlled trials in the middle of this century. Yet the state of knowledge about the placebo effect in phenomenological terms...and as a neurobiologic still inadequate...This book highlights and aims at interdisciplinary dialogue...It will make fascinating reading for clinicians, neurobiologists, and students, as well as for philosophers and ethicists. More specifically, the book should be considered by those involved in all aspects of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics. -- Gideon Koren New England Journal of Medicine The Placebo Effect helps to explain why medicine appears to be some way off relinquishing the certainty of faith for the uncertainty of science...This edited collection of reviews...repays reading for the nuggets of insight it gives into health care and its as yet not-so scientific underpinnings. -- John Galloway Nature This book sets out to show that the placebo effect is a "real" entity in its own right, one that has much to teach us about how symbols, settings, and human relationships literally get under our skin. The Therapist The concluding section [of The Placebo Effect] is almost too rich with ideas to be digested in a single session...As Anne Harrington states in her well-written introduction, the conference [on which The Placebo Effect was based] ended with no consensus, but it had given scientists and humanists the opportunity "to stretch in ways that promised to leave none of the parties involved in the undertaking unchanged." [The Placebo Effect] may offer [its] readers a similar opportunity. -- Marcia Meldrum Isis The book is well worth reading for those with an interest in the subject. It is thought provoking and in many respects extraordinary. -- E. Ernst Fact: Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies The Placebo Effect...brings together some of the leading authorities to describe the state of the field, as it appears from their several disciplinary perspectives, and to outline future directions for research. -- David Harley Medical History

About Anne Harrington

Anne Harrington is Franklin L. Ford Professor of the History of Science at Harvard University.

Table of Contents

Introduction The Placebo: Is It Much Ado about Nothing? Arthur K. Shapiro and Elaine Shapiro Clinical Reflections on the Placebo Phenomenon Howard Spiro The Nocebo Phenomenon: Scope and Foundations Robert A. Hahn The Doctor as Therapeutic Agent: A Placebo Effect Research Agenda Howard Brody Toward a Neurobiology of Placebo Analgesia Howard L. Fields and Donald D. Price The Contribution of Desire and Expectation to Placebo Analgesia: Implications for New Research Strategies Donald D. Price And Howard L. Fields The Role of Conditioning in Pharmacotherapy Robert Ader Specifying Nonspecifics: Psychological Mechanisms of Placebo Effects Irving Kirsch Placebo, Pain, and Belief: A Biocultural Model David B. Morris Placebo: Conversations at the Disciplinary Borders Edited by Anne Harrington Contributors Index

Additional information

The Placebo Effect: An Interdisciplinary Exploration by Anne Harrington
Anne Harrington
Mind/Brain/Behavior Initiative
Used - Well Read
Harvard University Press
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