Hans Christian Andersen (1805 - 1875) was a Danish author and prolific writer of plays, novels and poems, but he is best remembered for his fairy tales. Among his most-loved stories are The Emperor's New Clothes,The Ugly Duckling and The Snow Queen, and The Little Mermaid . He was born in Odense, and his father introduced him to literature by reading to him Arabian Nights. When he was fourteen he moved to Copenhagen to work as an actor, but soon began to focus on his writing. The Snow Queen was first published in a collection called New Fairy Tales in1844.