Peadar O'Donnell was an Irish republican, socialist activist, politician and writer. He was born in Donegal in 1893, and worked as a teacher. He was active in the Irish Transport and General Workers Union, before joining the Irish Citizen's Army and then the Irish Republican Army (IRA), for whom he commanded the Donegal Brigade during the War of Independence. He also fought with the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War. He edited The Bell, Ireland's leading literary journal at the time, and wrote several novels and two memoirs.