Roger Seifert read Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at Oxford University before taking an M.Sc. in Economics and later a Ph.D. in Industrial Relations at the London School of Economics. He worked for Incomes Data Service before joining Keele University where he is now Professor of Industrial Relations. Mike Ironside read Mechanical Engineering at Aston University and then became a local government officer and a trade union activist. He took an MA in Industrial Relations and worked as a research officer for a trade union before joining Keele University as a lecturer in 1990.