Written by an international research team hosted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), directed by Nicholas Burnett. UNESCO is a specialised agency of the UN founded on 16 November 1945. Today, UNESCO functions as a laboratory of ideas and a standard-setter to forge universal agreements on emerging ethical issues. The Organization also serves as a clearinghouse- for the dissemination and sharing of information and knowledge- while helping Member States to build their human and institutional capacities in diverse fields. In short, UNESCO promotes international co-operation among its Member States and Associate Members in the fields of education, science, culture and communication.