Dr. Zbigniew Kotowicz is Wellcome History of Medicine Research Fellow at Goldsmiths College, University of London, where he is working on 'The Birth and Early History of Modern Psychosurgery (with a special emphasis on the scientific thought and work of its inventor the Portuguese neurologist Egas Moniz)'. The project is funded by the Wellcome Trust.Dr Kotowicz trained as a psychoanalytic psychotherapist with The Philadelphia Association and has worked as a community therapist and in private practice. He is writing a book on the history of the lobotomy; he also teaches a course on the history of psychiatry. Previous publications include R.D. Laing and the Paths of Anti-Psychiatry (Routledge).