Asking Questions in Biology is all about scientific discovery. Biology students must be able to analyse data and produce high quality reports, but before this they need to work out exactly what it is they are trying to discover. Asking Questions in Biology begins with the often overlooked (yet crucial) skill of asking the right question, in the right way. It then moves on to present the tools and techniques required to gather data, analyse this data and finally to present this data (either orally or in a formal report).
1. Doing Science: Where do questions come from?
1.1 Science as asking questions
1.2 Basic considerations
1.3 The skill of asking questions
1.4 Where do questions come from?
1.5 What this book is about
2. Asking Questions: The art of framing hypotheses and predictions
2.2 Exploratory analysis
2.3 Forming hypotheses
3. Answering Questions: What do the results say?
3.1 Confirmatory analysis
3.2 What is statistical significance
3.3 Significance tests
3.4 Testing hypotheses
3.5 Testing predictions
3.6 Refining hypotheses
4. Presenting Information: How to communicate outcomes and conclusions
4.1 Presenting figures and tables
4.2 Presenting results in the text
4.3 Writing reports
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Appendix I: Table of confidence limits to the median
Appendix II: How to calculate some simple significance tests
Appendix III: Significance tables
Answers to self-test questions
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