Part 1 Setting the scene: conservation and communities, William Adams and D. Hulme; community conservation from concept to practice - a practical framework, Edmund Barrow and Marshall Murphree. Part 2 Conservation policies and institutions: the evolution of policy in Namibia and Zimbabwe, Brian Jones and M. Murphree; community conservation in East Africa, Edmund Barrow et al; the political economy of community conservation policy in Mozambique, Simon Anstey; reforming a conservation bureaucracy in Tanzania, Patrick Bergin. Part 3 Parks and people revisited -community conservation as projected area outreach: Lake Mburo National Park, Uganda, D. Hulme and Mark Infield; Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, Uganda, William Adams and Mark Infield; Tarangire National Park, Tanzania (1992-97), Kadzo Kangwana and Rafael Ole Mako. Part 4 Developing management: the evolution of a community-based approach to wildlife management at Kunene, Namibia, Brian Jones; community conservation and private business (Mahenye, Zimbabwe), M. Murphree; community conservation designed by the community (Mozambique), Simon Anstey and Camila de Sousa. Part 5 Economics, incentives and institutional change: the nature of benefits and the benefits of nature, Lucy Emerton; economic incentives and institutional change in Zimbabwe, Ivan Bond; committees, rights, costs and benefits (Zimbabwe's CAMPFIRE programme), James Murombedzi. Part 6 Measuring and monitoring conservation: can community conservation strategies meet the conservation agenda?, Kadzo Kangwana; participatory natural resource management - implications for conservation, Russell Taylor. Part 7 Conclusions: the future of community conservation; community conservation and beyond.