Museum Frictions: Public Cultures/Global Transformations by Edited by Ivan Karp
Museum Frictions is the third volume in a bestselling series on culture, society, and museums. The first two volumes in the series, Exhibiting Cultures and Museums and Communities, have become defining books for those interested in the politics of museum display and heritage sites. Another classic in the making, Museum Frictions is a lavishly illustrated examination of the significant and varied effects of the increasingly globalized world on contemporary museum, heritage, and exhibition practice. The contributors-scholars, artists, and curators-present case studies drawn from Africa, Australia, North and South America, Europe, and Asia. Together they offer a multifaceted analysis of the complex roles that national and community museums, museums of art and history, monuments, heritage sites, and theme parks play in creating public cultures.
Whether contrasting the transformation of Africa's oldest museum, the South Africa Museum, with one of its newest, the Lwandle Migrant Labor Museum; offering an interpretation of the audio guide at the Guggenheim Bilbao; reflecting on the relative paucity of art museums in Peru and Cambodia; considering representations of slavery in the United States and Ghana; or meditating on the ramifications of an exhibition of Australian aboriginal art at the Asia Society in New York City, the contributors highlight the frictions, contradictions, and collaborations emerging in museums and heritage sites around the world. The volume opens with an extensive introductory essay by Ivan Karp and Corinne A. Kratz, leading scholars in museum and heritage studies.
Contributors. Tony Bennett, David Bunn, Gustavo Buntinx, Cuauhtemoc Camarena, Andrea Fraser, Martin Hall, Ivan Karp, Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, Corinne A. Kratz, Christine Mullen Kreamer, Joseph Masco, Teresa Morales, Howard Morphy, Ingrid Muan, Fred Myers, Ciraj Rassool, Vicente Razo, Fath Davis Ruffins, Lynn Szwaja, Krista A. Thompson, Leslie Witz, Tomas Ybarra-Frausto
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"Museum Frictions is a landmark publication which decenters the Western-centric bias of the existing literature. It shifts critical museology into a new register by challenging readers to think about the multiple ways that the globalization of a Western institution is transforming not only the dynamics of social interaction around the world but also the institutional nature of the museum itself."-Ruth B. Phillips, coeditor of Sensible Objects: Colonialism, Museums, and Material Culture "Museum Frictions is not just a worthy successor to the preceding volumes Exhibiting Cultures and Museums and Communities, but a major leap forward. In the face of dramatic changes in the museum world during the past fifteen years, the last two volumes still remain a major platform for framing debate. I am confident that Museum Frictions will provide a similar service for the next fifteen."-Doran H. Ross, Director Emeritus of the Fowler Museum at UCLA "Just as Exhibiting Cultures and Museums and Communities set the agenda for museum debate over the last decade, Museum Frictions sets the agenda for the next. This is a wonderful book that must be read by anybody with an interest in museums, their transformations, dilemmas, challenges, politics, and futures."-Sharon Macdonald, editor of A Companion to Museum Studies "This marvelous and broad-ranging compendium by an eminent group of scholars provides a thinking person's guide to contemporary museum work. It tackles the philosophical issues curators, directors, and professionals face in the art of cultural representation. How do you get the world's diverse people to talk to each other in meaningful and significant ways? This book provides the intellectual tools for doing so, dealing cogently and adeptly with the complexity of globalization, conflicting perspectives, and the noise proffered by popular media. For a long book with large themes, it reads amazingly well."-Richard Kurin, Director of the Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, Smithsonian Institution
About Edited by Ivan Karp
Ivan Karp is National Endowment for the Humanities Professor and Co-Director of the Center for the Study of Public Scholarship at Emory University. He has coedited numerous books, including Museums and Communities: The Politics of Public Culture and Exhibiting Cultures: The Poetics and Politics of Museum Display.
Corinne A. Kratz is Professor of Anthropology and African Studies and Co-Director of the Center for the Study of Public Scholarship at Emory University. She is the author of The Ones That Are Wanted: Communication and the Politics of Representation in a Photographic Exhibition.
Lynn Szwaja is Program Director for Theology at the Henry Luce Foundation.
Tomas Ybarra-Frausto was, until retirement in 2005, Associate Director for Creativity and Culture at the Rockefeller Foundation. In 1998, he was awarded the Joseph Henry Medal for "exemplary contributions to the Smithsonian Institution."
Table of Contents
Foreword / Lynn Szwaja and Tomas Ybarra-Frausto xi
Preface: Museum Frictions: A Project History / Ivan Karp and Corinne A. Kratz xv
Introduction: Museum Frictions: Public Cultures/Global Transformations / Corinne A. Kratz and Ivan Karp 1
Part 1. Exhibitionary Complexes
Exhibitionary Complexes / Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett 35
Exhibition, Difference, and the Logic of Culture / Tony Bennett 46
The Reappearance of the Authentic / Martin Hall 70
Document: 5:29:24 AM / Joseph Masco 102
Transforming Museums on Postapartheid Tourist Routes / Leslie Witz 107
Isn't This a Wonderful Place? (A Tour of a Tour of the Guggenheim Bilbao) / Andrea Fraser 135
World Heritage and Cultural Economics / Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett 161
Document: The U.S. Department of Retro, The Onion 203
Part 2. Tactical Museologies
Tactical Museologies / Gustavo Buntinx and Ivan Karp 207
Communities of Sense/Communities of Sentiment: Globalization and the Museum Void in an Extreme Periphery / Gustavo Buntinx 219
Document: Declaration on the Importance and Value of Universal Museums 247
Document: Art Museums and the International Exchange of Cultural Artifacts, Association of Art Museum Directors 250
Document: Museo Salinas: A Proactive Space Within the Legal Frame, Some Words from the Director, Vicente Razo 253
Musings on Museums from Phnom Penh / Ingrid Muan 257
Community Museums, Memory Politics, and Social Transformation in South Africa: Histories, Possibilities, and Limits / Ciraj Rassool 286
Community Museums and Global Connections: The Union of Community Museums in Oaxaca / Cuauhtemoc Camarena and Teresa Morales 322
Part 3. Remapping the Museum
Remapping the Museum / Corinne A. Kratz and Ciraj Rassool 347
The Museum Outdoors: Heritage, Cattle, and Permeable Borders in the Southwestern Kruger National Park / David Bunn 357
Document: Baghdad Lions to Be Relocated to South Africa 392
Revisiting the Old Plantation: Reparations, Reconciliation, and Museumizing American Slavery / Fath Davis Ruffins 394
Shared Heritage, Contested Terrain: Cultural Negotiation and Ghana's Cape Coast Castle Museum Exhibition "Crossroads of People, Crossroads of Trade" / Christine Mullen Kreamer 435
Sites of Persuasion: Yingapungapu at the National Museum of Australia / Howard Morphy 469
Document: Destroying While Preserving Junkanoo: The Junkanoo Museum in the Bahamas / Krista A. Thompson 500
The Complicity of Cultural Production: The Contingencies of Performance in Globalizing Museum Practices / Fred Myers 504
Museum Frictions: Public Cultures/Global Transformations by Edited by Ivan Karp
Edited by Ivan Karp
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