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The Argentina Reader By Gabriela Nouzeilles

The Argentina Reader

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An interdisciplinary anthology that includes many primary materials never before published in English.

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The Argentina Reader Summary

The Argentina Reader: History, Culture, Politics by Gabriela Nouzeilles

Excessively European, refreshingly European, not as European as it looks, struggling to overcome a delusion that it is European. Argentina-in all its complexity-has often been obscured by variations of the "like Europe and not like the rest of Latin America" cliche. The Argentina Reader deliberately breaks from that viewpoint. This essential introduction to Argentina's history, culture, and society provides a richer, more comprehensive look at one of the most paradoxical of Latin American nations: a nation that used to be among the richest in the world, with the largest middle class in Latin America, yet one that entered the twenty-first century with its economy in shambles and its citizenry seething with frustration.

This diverse collection brings together songs, articles, comic strips, scholarly essays, poems, and short stories. Most pieces are by Argentines. More than forty of the texts have never before appeared in English. The Argentina Reader contains photographs from Argentina's National Archives and images of artwork by some of the country's most talented painters and sculptors. Many selections deal with the history of indigenous Argentines, workers, women, blacks, and other groups often ignored in descriptions of the country. At the same time, the book includes excerpts by or about such major political figures as Jose de San Martin and Juan Peron. Pieces from literary and social figures virtually unknown in the United States appear alongside those by more well-known writers such as Jorge Luis Borges, Ricardo Piglia, and Julio Cortazar.

The Argentina Reader covers the Spanish colonial regime; the years of nation building following Argentina's independence from Spain in 1810; and the sweeping progress of economic growth and cultural change that made Argentina, by the turn of the twentieth century, the most modern country in Latin America. The bulk of the collection focuses on the twentieth century: on the popular movements that enabled Peronism and the revolutionary dreams of the 1960s and 1970s; on the dictatorship from 1976 to 1983 and the accompanying culture of terror and resistance; and, finally, on the contradictory and disconcerting tendencies unleashed by the principles of neoliberalism and the new global economy. The book also includes a list of suggestions for further reading.

The Argentina Reader is an invaluable resource for those interested in learning about Argentine history and culture, whether in the classroom or in preparation for travel in Argentina.

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The Argentina Reader Reviews

"[It is] impossible to find a better introduction to the labyrinth, enigma, and delight that is Argentina, from the first sightings to the latest curses. Splendid and indispensable!"-Ariel Dorfman
"Conveying the complex enigmatic contradiction that is Argentina in the pages of a book is accomplished in this installment of Duke's 'Latin America Readers' series. . . . the editors provide ample context for any reader to appreciate Argentina's rich culture and history. . . . From sports and arts to history and politics this is a welcome and timely addition to our understanding of Argentina." -- Teo Ballve * NACLA Report on the Americas *
"[T]he best introduction for English readers to [Argentina's] history, culture, and society. . . . [T]his collection subtly conveys the admirable and loathsome qualities of a complicated and in many ways unfathomable society." -- Benjamin Schwarz * Atlantic Monthly *
"Wide-ranging. . . . [A]n excellent starting point for further reading. . . . [H]ighly recommended." * Rough Guide to Argentina *
"The Argentina Reader is the third title-following The Peru Reader and The Brazil Reader-in the excellent series sponsored by the Consortium in Latin American Studies at the University of North Carolina and Duke University. . . . [A] very well crafted, well illustrated and consistently interesting volume. . . . [T]he volume reads effortlessly well, which speaks . . . of the skill of the translators, especially the main translator, Patricia Owen Steiner." -- John King * Journal of Latin American Studies *
"[A] timely addition to Duke's Latin America Readers series. . . .[P]rovide[s] a comprehensive view of this complex nation of some 37 million people. Recommended. . . ." * Library Journal *
"This impressive collection of articles and documents introduces the reader to the enigma that is Argentina. . . . A richer and more eclectic overview of the country and its people would be hard to find." -- Pushpinder Khaneka * The Guardian *

About Gabriela Nouzeilles

Gabriela Nouzeilles is Assistant Professor of Romance Studies at Duke University.

Graciela Montaldo is Professor of Languages and Literatures at the Universidad Simon Bolivar.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xiii
General Introduction 1
I. At the Margins of the Empire 15
The Deeds of Elal / Anonymous 19
Going Wild / Ulderico Schmidt 23
Monsters in Patagonia / Antonio Pigafetta 27
Women Captives / Ruy Diaz de Guzman 30
The Jesuit Mission / Father Strobel 34
A Gaucho Sings the Victories of the Empire / Juan Baltasar Maciel 38
The First British Invasion / Mariquita Sanchez de Thompson 40
II. To Build a Nation 43
The Revolution / Tulio Halperin Donghi 47
The Landowners' Petition / Mariano Moreno 66
The Good Citizen / Jose de San Martin 71
Women in the Fatherland / Juana Manuela Gorriti 73
The Caudillo's Order / Juan Manuel de Rosas 75
Civilization or Barbarism? / Domingo Faustino Sarmiento 80
Rosas and Washington / Pedro de Angelis 91
The Black Girl / Anonymous 93
Immigration as a Means of Progress / Juan Bautista Alberdi 95
III. Frontiers 103
The Slaughterhouse / Esteban Echeverria 107
Wars of Extermination / Charles Darwin 115
The Triple Alliance / Captain Francisco Seeber 119
One Hundred Leagues of Trench / Alfred Ebelot 126
Gauchos in and out of the State / Jose Hernandez 133
An Expedition to the Ranquel Indians / Lucio V. Mansilla 146
Letter to the President / Chief Manuel Namuncura 154
IV. Splendor and Fin de Siecle 157
The Foundation of the National State / David Vinas 161
The Paris of South America / James Scobie 170
The Modern Crowd / Jose Maria Ramos Mejia 182
Making It in America / Oreste Sola 188
The Jewish Gauchos / Alberto Gerchunoff 193
The Birth of Tango / Simon Collier 196
Bourgeois Snakes / Jose Ingenieros 203
Argentina as Latin American Avant-Garde / Ruben Dario 206
National Identity in a Cosmopolitan Society / Leopoldo Lugones 209
V. Modern Times 215
Simon Radowitzky / Osvaldo Bayer 219
The Union Civica Radical / David Rock 231
Poems to Be Read on a Trolley Car / Oliverio Girondo 251
Modern Women / Alfonsina Storni 254
X-Ray of the Pampa / Ezequiel Martinez Estrada 259
Soccer and Popular Joy / Roberto Arlt 263
Cambalache / Enrique Santos Discepolo 266
VI. Populism and New Nationalism 269
Peron and the People / Daniel James 273
Saint Evita / Tomas Eloy Martinez 296
Ramona's Revenge / Lino Palacio 304
Funes, the Memorious / Jorge Luis Borges 306
Victorian Fathers / Victoria Ocampo 313
The Foreign Gaze / Witold Gombrowicz 319
Village on the River / Juan L. Ortiz 324
House Taken Over / Julio Cortazar 328
Operation Massacre / Rodlfo Walsh 333
VII. Revolutionary Dreams 341
The Latin American Revolution according to "Che" / Ernesto "Che" Guevara 345
Are We All Neurotic? / Anonymous 352
Tucuman Is Burning / Maria Teresa Gramuglio and Nicolas Rosa 358
The Cordobazo / Agustin Tosco 364
The Words of Silence / Alejandra Pizarnik 372
The Muleteer / Atahualpa Yupanqui 375
Montoneros: Soldiers of Peron / Richard Gillespie 377
Antirevolutionary Peronism / Juan Domingo Peron 386
VIII. State Violence 395
Modernization and Military Coups / Guillermo O'Donnell 399
Artificial Respiration / Ricardo Piglia 421
The Madwomen at the Plaza de Mayo / Hebe de Bonafini and Matilde Sanchez 429
Never Again / National Commission on the Disappearance of Persons 440
Still Harboring / Juan Gelman 448
In a State of Memory / Tununa Mercado 450
Corpses / Nestor Perlongher 457
War in the South Atlantic / Graciela Speranza and Fernando Cittadini 465
IX. Democracy and Neoliberalism 473
Teaching the Republic / Raul Alfonsin 477
Living with Inflation / Osvaldo Soriano 481
Menem: A New Style in Politics / Vicente Palermo and Marcos Novaro 487
The Journalist as the People's Detective / Horacio Gonzalez 495
Roadblocks, Detours, and Crossroads / Rodolfo Rabanal 500
X. Argentina in the Age of Globalization: New Citizenships and the Politics of Memory 505
We Are All Cursed / Javier Auyero 509
Soccer and Masculinity / Eduardo Archetti 519
Amerindian Rights / State Law of Indigenous Rights 525
Feminist Awakenings / Marcela Nari 528
The Children of Death / Maria Moreno and Marta Dillon 538
Active Memory / Laura Ginsberg 544
Infinity / Cesar Aira 549
Postmodern Forgetfulness / Beatriz Sarlo 553
Suggestions for Further Readings 557
Acknowledgment of Copyrights 565
Index 571

Additional information

The Argentina Reader: History, Culture, Politics by Gabriela Nouzeilles
Gabriela Nouzeilles
The Latin America Readers
Used - Like New
Duke University Press
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
The book has been read, but looks new. The book cover has no visible wear, and the dust jacket is included if applicable. No missing or damaged pages, no tears, possible very minimal creasing, no underlining or highlighting of text, and no writing in the margins.