Political Science Research Methods By H. T. Reynolds
Political Science Research Methods
by H. T. Reynolds
Out of Stock
This book takes students step-by-step through the hows and whys of doing research into politics. Featuring building block chapters, key terms and glossaries, the text will make the prospect of research methods a much more manageable one.
Political Science Research Methods by H. T. Reynolds
Don't let an introduction to research methods be your students' least favorite (and most intimidating) political science course. Relevant, timely, insightful, comprehensive, and always mindful of their student audience, the authors have revamped their popular text so that the sixth edition is friendlier and more intuitive than ever-the perfect gateway to understanding not just the "how" but also the "why" behind research into politics.
Covering the discipline's major methods, the authors lead students step-by-step through the logic of research design. "Building block" chapters on hypothesis formation and testing, variables, and measurement are right up front; the introduction to research design, sampling, and literature reviews now come with more explanation as to why a researcher would pursue different kinds of methods; the stats chapters begin with a common-sense primer that walks students through foundational ideas and practices. Throughout the text, updated examples of contemporary research problems keep readers engaged.
Each chapter has bolded key terms that are also listed in a glossary at the end of each chapter and the end of the text. "Helpful hints" feature boxes give students nuts-and-bolts reminders they can refer to when they conduct their own research or assess the work of others.
NEW TO THIS EDITION
New examples of political science research in Chapter 1, including a case on judicial decision making and current research into public opinion on the war in Iraq.
Expanded discussion of theory in Chapter 2, showing how competing paradigms can be applied to the same topic of study.
Substantially updated discussion of survey research including coverage of Internet polling and a fuller description of interviewing.
Computational formulas and calculations are now featured in "How It's Done" boxes allowing students to separate lengthy calculations from substantive discussion of the meaning or interpretation of statistical results.
Greater coverage of newer developments in applied statistics, including exploratory data analysis and descriptive and inferential statistics for counts and functions of counts. In general, less emphasis on computation, and more on interpretation.
Reorganized statistics chapters for better comprehension with regression analysis and logistic regression in their own chapters.
A new overview of statistical analysis, including discussion of data preparation, description, modeling, inference, interpretation, and the communication of results.
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I have found Johnson and Reynolds' Political Science Research Methods to be one of the most important texts which I have adopted, not only for this course, but for any one. Many methods texts which are published are directed at the social sciences in general. This text is superior to the more general social science texts and other political science methods texts with which I am familiar because it successfully engages students in building methodological and statistical literacy. The book incorporates much of the important foundational information that today's undergraduate political science major needs to learn. The need to study both human behavior as well as institutions requires a more focused course of study. This text is superb because it provides students with a host of applications specific to the discipline. It is accessible and yet it does not encourage lower order thinking. I am very likely to continue to use this text because of its comprehensiveness and design
-- Robin Lauermann
Janet Buttolph Johnson and H.T. Reynolds have developed an outstanding research methods textbook that has wide applicability for both undergraduate and graduate courses. It has been the primary textbook in my undergraduate political analysis class for several years because it offers a sophisticated introduction to empirical political science and both qualitative and quantitative research methods, while presenting the material in a writing style that is easily accessible to undergraduate students. The range of methods discussed in the book and the many topical examples it provides has given me great flexibility to select exactly what I wanted to use in class. The companion workbook has been a great resource for homework assignments and in-class exercises and discussions. I consider this the leading textbook of its kind
-- Scott Silverstone
Political Science Research Methods offers students a comprehensive and engaging view of both the scientific research process and the application of research methods. The authors skillfully integrate examples throughout the book that illustrate how scholars utilize methodological techniques to address substantive theoretical questions in political science. In so doing, the book systematically unpacks the foundation for understanding, evaluating, and producing scientific research. The companion workbook, Working with Political Science Research Methods, provides exercises and data sets to help students build an applied foundation for the statistical techniques they learn about in the text. The superb balance achieved between methodological theory and application makes the entire package an immensely valuable tool for both students and teachers
-- Bryan W. Marshall
About H. T. Reynolds
Janet Buttolph Johnson is associate professor of political science and international relations at the University of Delaware, where she specializes in public policy, state and local politics, and environmental policy and politics. H. T. Reynolds is professor emeritus of political science at the University of Delaware. He is author of Governing America, with David Volger; The Analysis of Nominal Data, Second Edition; and several articles on methodology. Jason Mycoff is associate professor of political science and international relations at the University of Delaware. His research is on American political institutions, in particular the US Congress, congressional committees, and parties.
Table of Contents
Introduction Research on Winners and Losers in Politics Who Votes, Who Doesn't? Repression of Human Rights A Look into Judicial Decision Making and Its Effects Influencing Bureaucracies Effects of Campaign Advertising on Voters Research on Public Support for U.S. Foreign Involvement Conclusion Terms Introduced Studying Politics Scientifically Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge The Importance of Theory Acquiring Empirical Knowledge: The Scientific Method Deduction and Induction The Scientific Method at Work Is Political Science Really "Science"? Practical Objections Philosophical Objections A Brief History of Political Science as a Discipline The Era of Traditional Political Science The Empirical Revolution Reaction to Empiricism Political Science Today: Peaceful Coexistence? Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings The Building Blocks of Social Scientific Research: Hypotheses, Concepts, and Variables Specifying the Research Question Proposing Explanations Formulating Hypotheses Characteristics of Good Hypotheses Specifying Units of Analysis Cross-level Analysis: Ecological Inference and Ecological Fallacy Defining Concepts Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings The Building Blocks of Social Scientific Research: Measurement Devising Measurement Strategies Examples of Political Measurements: Getting to Operationalization The Accuracy of Measurements Reliability Validity Problems with Reliability and Validity in Political Science Measurement The Precision of Measurements Levels of Measurement Working with Precision: Too Little or Too Much Multi-item Measures Indexes Scales Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings Research Design Causal Inferences and Controlled Experiments Causal versus Spurious Relationships Randomized Controlled Experiments Randomization and the Assignment of Subjects Interpreting and Generalizing the Results of an Experiment Internal Validity External Validity Other Versions of Experimental Designs Simple Post-test Design Repeated-Measurement Design Multigroup Design Field Experiments Nonexperimental Designs Small-N Designs Cross-Sectional Designs: Surveys and Aggregate Data Analysis Large Longitudinal (Time Series) Designs Panel Studies Alternative Research Strategies Formal Modeling Simulation Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings Conducting a Literature Review Selecting a Research Topic Why Conduct a Literature Review? Collecting Sources for a Literature Review Identifying the Relevant Scholarly Literature Identifying Useful Popular Sources Reading the Literature Writing a Literature Review Anatomy of a Literature Review Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings Sampling The Basics of Sampling Population or Sample? Fundamental Concepts Types of Samples Simple Random Samples Systematic Samples Stratified Samples Cluster Samples Nonprobability Samples Samples and Statistical Inference: A Gentle Introduction Expected Values Measuring the Variability of the Estimates: Standard Errors Sampling Distributions How Large a Sample? Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings Making Empirical Observations: Direct and Indirect Observation Types of Data and Collection Techniques Qualitative versus Quantitative Uses of Data Choosing among Data Collection Methods Observation Direct Observation Indirect Observation Physical Trace Measures Validity Problems with Indirect Observation Ethical Issues in Observation Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings Document Analysis: Using the Written Record Types of Written Records The Episodic Record The Running Record The Running Record and Episodic Record Compared Presidential Job Approval Content Analysis Content Analysis Procedures News Coverage of Presidential Campaigns Advantages and Disadvantages of the Written Record Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings Survey Research and Interviewing Fundamentals: Ensuring Validity and Reliability Survey Research Types of Surveys Characteristics of Surveys Response Quality Survey Type and Response Quality Question Wording Question Type Question Order Questionnaire Design Using Archived Survey Data Advantages of Using Archived Surveys Publicly Available Archives Interviewing The Ins and Outs of Interviewing Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings Statistics: First Steps The Data Matrix Data Description and Exploration Frequency Distributions, Proportions, and Percentages Descriptive Statistics Measures of Central Tendency Measures of Variability or Dispersion Deviations from Central Tendency Graphs for Presentation and Exploration Presentation Graphs: Bar Charts and Pie Diagrams Exploratory Graphs Statistical Inference Two Kinds of Inference Hypothesis Testing Significance Tests of a Mean Confidence Intervals and Confidence Levels: Reporting Estimates of Population Parameters Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings Investigating Relationships between Two Variables The Basics of Identifying and Measuring Relationships Types of Relationships The Strength of Relationships Numerical Summaries: Measures of Association Cross-tabulations of Nominal and Ordinal Variables A First Look at the Strength of a Relationship The Direction of a Relationship Coefficients for Ordinal Variables A Coefficient for Nominal Data Association in 2 x 2 Tables: The Odds Ratio Testing a Cross-tabulation for Statistical Significance Analysis of Variance and the Difference of Means Difference of Means or Effect Size Difference of Proportions Analysis of Variance Regression Analysis Scatterplots Matrix Plots Modeling Linear Relationships The Regression Model Interpretation of Parameters Measuring the Fit of a Regression Line The Correlation Coefficient Standardized Regression Coefficients Inference for Regression Parameters Regression Is Sensitive to Large Values Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings Multivariate Analysis Multivariate Analysis of Categorical Data Multiple Regression Interpretation of Parameters Dummy Variables Estimation and Calculation of a Regression Equation Standardized Regression Coefficients Measuring the Goodness of Fit Tests of Significance Logistic Regression Estimating the Model's Coefficients Measures of Fit Significance Tests An Alternative Interpretation of Logistic Regression Coefficients A Substantive Example Conclusion Terms Introduced Suggested Readings The Research Report: An Annotated Example Bias in Newspaper Photograph Selection Relevant Literature Political Atmosphere Theory Why Newspapers Research Design Findings Conclusion Notes References Conclusion Appendixes Appendix A. Normal Curve Tail Probabilities Appendix B. Critical Values from t Distribution Appendix C. Chi-Squared Distribution Values for Various Right-tail Probabilities Appendix D. F Distribution
Political Science Research Methods by H. T. Reynolds
H. T. Reynolds
Used - Good
SAGE Publications Inc
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
The book has been read but remains in clean condition. All pages are intact and the cover is intact. Some minor wear to the spine.