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Lives Across Cultures By Harry W. Gardiner

Lives Across Cultures
by Harry W. Gardiner

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Lives Across Cultures Summary


Lives Across Cultures by Harry W. Gardiner

The fourth edition of this market-leading cross-cultural human development text offers an interdisciplinary exploration of major developmental topics across the lifespan.Presented in a chronological-within-topics approach, this text focuses on cultural contexts throughout the world while emphasizing links between theory, research and practical applications.

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Lives Across Cultures Reviews


What Reviewers Are Saying About Lives Across Cultures, 4e

"Harry Gardiner and Corinne Kosmitzki, and their own very capable hands, skillfully and in an engaging and personal style, have energetically and generously updated and extended the coverage provided in the third edition of Lives Across Cultures. Covering all of the major developmental topics from cradle to grave, they take the reader through the labyrinth of lives that work and play and, unfortunately, fight through occasional major crises and the vexing problems of growing up. The style and tone of the book is genuinely comfortable. Reading it is like having a friendly dialogue with gentle and caring friends."

From the Forward by Walter J. Lonner

Western Washington University

"To our knowledge this book has no competition, and is unique ... It is unusual for a book to change a curriculum, but rather than being written to fill a demand for classes in cross-cultural human development, it appears that these courses are being created at various universities because Gardiner and Kozmitzki published this text ... As Lonner writes in the foreword, the field is changing quickly and significantly, and LAC is in great hands as Gardiner and Kosmitzki reflect this change in each new edition. This is an improved edition, not just a newer edition."

David W. Shwalb and Barbara J. Shwalb

Southeastern Louisiana University

Table of Contents


Chapter 1: Introduction

What is Cross-Cultural Human Development?

Cross-Cultural Human Development and the Other Social Sciences

Some Important Themes

A Cross-Cultural Perspective

Goals for the Field

An Ecological Model

The Developmental Niche

A Developmental Orientation

A Chronological-Within-Topics Approach

Practical Applications

Overview of the Book

Some Cross-Cultural Teasers

Summary

Study Questions

Further Readings

Chapter 2: Theories and Methodology

Theories of Development

What Is a Theory?

Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Model

Super and Harkness's Developmental Niche

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory of Development

Erikson's Psychosocial Theory

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development

Methodology in Cross-Cultural Human Development

Studying Development Cross Culturally: Some Methods, Problems, and Solutions

Methods for Assessing Components of the Developmental Niche

Studying Ecological Systems

Summary

Study Questions

Further Readings

Developmental Analysis

Chapter 3: Culture and Socialization

What is Socialization?

Ecological Model and the Development Niche

Some Cultural Variations in the Socialization of Behavior

Infancy

Childhood

Adolescence

Adulthood

Summary

Study Questions

Further Readings

Developmental Analysis

Chapter 4: Cultural Aspects of Physical Growth and Development

Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Physical Development

The Prenatal Period

Infancy and Early Childhood

Middle Childhood

Adolescence

Early and Middle Adulthood

Later Adulthood

Summary

Study Questions

Further Readings

Developmental Analysis

Chapter 5: Culture, Language, and Cognition

The Language-Cognition-Culture Link

Infancy

Early Cognitive Development in Cultural Contexts

Language Acquisition

Early Second-Language Acquisition and Bilingualism

Childhood

Stages of Knowing and Learning

Language Skills and Language Socialization

Adolescence and Early Adulthood

Formal Operational Thinking

Analytic Thinking and Problem-Solving

Middle and Later Adulthood

Intelligence

Communicating in Later Life

Summary

Study Questions

Further Readings

Developmental Analysis

Chapter 6: Culture, Self, and Personality

Infancy and Temperament

Temperament, Ecological Systems, and the Developmental Niche

Temperament and "Goodness of Fit"

Childhood and the Emergence of the Self

Cultural Views of the Person

Personhood in a Balinese Village

Personhood in China, Japan, and the United States

Cultural Views of the Self as a Person

Culture-Specific Aspects of Self

Content and Context of the Self-Concept

Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy

Adolescence: Threshold to the Adult World

Identity Formation

Social Identity Formation

Cultural Influences on Social Identity

Adulthood and Aging

Normative Tasks of Social Living in Samoa

Summary

Study Questions

Further Readings

Developmental Analysis

Chapter7: Issues of Gender and Sexuality

Theoretical Perspectives on Gender Differences

Biological Perspectives

Evolutionary Perspectives

Socialization and Learning Perspectives

Infancy and Childhood

Gender Socialization

Cultural Influences on Female and Male Socialization

Gender Relationships in Childhood

Adolescence

Markers of Sexual Maturation

Gender, Sexuality, and Cultural Taboos

Early and Middle Adulthood

Status and the Division of Labor within the Family

Division of Labor in the Workforce

Gender Relations in Social Status, Religion, and Public Policy

Later Adulthood and Old Age

Divorce and Widowhood

Gender Roles and Status in Old Age

Summary

Study Questions

Further Readings

Developmental Analysis

Chapter 8: Culture and Social Behavior

Infancy

Child-Caretaker Relationships and Attachment Patterns

Secure Base-Hypothesis

The Sensitivity Hypothesis

Consistency and Inconsistency of Attachment Over Time

Childhood

Peer Culture and Social Relationships

Sharing and Social Participation

Moral Development and Prosocial Orientation

Cultural Influences on Caring and Justice Orientation

Aggression

Adolescence

Family and Peer Influences on Adolescent Social Behavior

Cultural Influences on Adolescent Social Behavior

Adulthood and Aging

Developmental Tasks in Middle and Later Adulthood

Work and Leisure in Middle Adulthood

Sport as a Social Phenomenon

Social Support and Well-Being in Later Adulthood

Summary

Study Questions

Further Readings

Developmental Analysis

Chapter 9: The Family in Cultural Context

Cultural Variations in the Family Life Cycle

Mate Selection

Marriage and Other Ling-Term Relationships

The Birth Process Across Cultures

The Ecology of Birth

The Transition to Parenthood

Parenting Infants and Children

Parental Belief Systems

Mothering

Fathering

Parenting Adolescents

The Ecological Model and Adolescence

Cross-Cultural Differences in Adolescent Peer Relationships

Adulthood and Aging

Grandparenthood

Caring for the Elderly

The Changing Context of Families

Summary

Study Questions

Further Readings

Developmental Analysis

Chapter 10: Cultural and Health

Cultural Concepts of Health and Healing

Culture-Bound Syndromes

Medical Diagnosis Across Cultures

Infancy and Childhood

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Childhood Mental Health

Parental Beliefs About Caring for Infants and Children

Adolescence

Eating Disorders

Culture and Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Culture and Adolescent Drug Use

Early and Middle Adulthood

Mental Health Issues

Later Adulthood

Disease and Premature Aging

Cultural Views on Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease

Summary

Study Questions

Further Readings

Developmental Analysis

Chapter 11: Looking to the Future

Looking Back: A Review of Major Themes and Theories

Ecological Model

Developmental Niche

Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory

Piaget's Cognitive Developmental Theory

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development

Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development

Where Do We Go from Here? Thoughts and Challenges to the Future

Summary

Study Questions

Further Readings

Additional information

GOR003339128
Lives Across Cultures by Harry W. Gardiner
Harry W. Gardiner
Used - Very Good
Paperback
Pearson Education (US)
2007-04-12
384
0205494757
9780205494750
N/A
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
This is a used book - there is no escaping the fact it has been read by someone else and it will show signs of wear and previous use. Overall we expect it to be in very good condition, but if you are not entirely satisfied please get in touch with us.