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Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders By Moyra Smith (Division of Genetic and Genomic Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States)

Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders by Moyra Smith (Division of Genetic and Genomic Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States)

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Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders Summary

Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders by Moyra Smith (Division of Genetic and Genomic Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States)

Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders connects neurodevelopment with genetics and behavior to better understand the underlying factors leading to cognitive neurodevelopmental disorders. This book focuses on mechanisms of disease and follows the development of specific brain regions, functions, and gene expression to causes and processes in autism, attention deficit disorder, and learning disabilities. Topics include brain mapping, brain plasticity, epigenetics, neuroimmunology, and many other factors that influence the development of these diseases. This book will promote understanding of recent investigations and developments related to brain development from fetal life onward with specific relevance to neurodevelopmental cognitive disorders and conditions. This is an essential reference for anyone who is looking to learn more about different aspects of neurodevelopment and emerging concepts in psychiatric disorders.

About Moyra Smith (Division of Genetic and Genomic Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States)

Moyra Smith is Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics and Human Genetics at the School of Medicine at University of California, Irvine. Following graduation from medical school and internships in South Africa and Scotland, she was accepted to the PhD Program in Biochemical Genetics at University College London. Since then, she has had many years working in Clinical Genetics, in research studying biochemical variation, chromosome analyses in cloning and mapping genes, and studying gene expression. In recent years, she has also been involved in research in autism and attention deficit hyperactivity. She was awarded the 2017 UCI Outstanding Emerita Award due to her continuing research on genetics and genomics, her strong record of publications including numerous books, her active engagement in the programs within the Department of Pediatrics, her mentoring of graduate students, and her involvement with the CART Autism Center.

Table of Contents

Section I Brain, early development cortices, architecture, cell types, connectivity, networks 1. Early brain development; 2. Development and evolution of cerebral and cerebellar cortex; 3. White matter development and maturation of connections; 4. Brain size; 5. Emergence of functional architecture; 6. Architectonic mapping beyond Brodman; 7. Neuronal cells organization according to transcription; 8. Association cortices; 9. Cell maps neuronal cell types, classification; 10. Development of network hubs; 11. Functional and structural connectivity; 12. Myelo-architecture; 13. Connectome and network theory; 14. Hubs modules nodes; 15. Microstructure connectomics; 16. Dendrites, dendritic spines, spine patterns; 17. Networks; 18. Distinct metabolic and cytoarchitecture and increased dendritic density in hubs; 19. Oligodendrocytes and astrocytes Section II Neurotransmitters, Neuromodulators. Synapses 20. Neurotransmitters and neuroreceptors, neuromodulators; 21. Signalling downstream of receptors; 22. Synapses, structure, diversity; 23. Post-synaptic interactome; 24. Dendrites and transmission; 25. Ion channels and channel dynamics; 26. Lipids and synaptic function Section III. Brain Mapping 27. Mapping structural connections forms of imaging; 28. Functional connectivity and brain metabolic activity; 29. Receptor autoradiography; 30. NIH Connectome project Section IV. Brain Plasticity 31. Neuroplasticity; 32. Brain derived neurotrophic factors; 33. Dendritic spine dynamics and synaptic plasticity; 34. Oligodendrocyte lineage and brain plasticity; 35. Mitochondria and brain energy; 36. Metabolism and circadian rhythm Section V. Gene Expression and Regulation in Brain and Epigenetics 37. Signalling pathways; 38. Gene transcription; 39. Epigenetics and regulation of expression; 40. 3D genome and regulation chromatin modifications and dynamics; 41. Epigenetics, environmental factors; 42. Genomic imprinting and defects potentially impacting development; 43. Genomic regulatory elements and transcription Section VI. Neuroimmunology 44. Neuro-immunology past present and future; 45. Brain immune system; 46. Micro glia and functions related to immune functions; 47. Cytokines and neuromodulators; 48. Defined neuroimmune diseases Section VII. Neurodevelopmental, Neurocognitive and Behavioral Disorders 49. ICD 11 DSM 6 Classification of Pediatric disorders; 50. Neuronal activity post-natal neurogenesis and gliogenesis; 51. Genomic copy number variants in autism and in neurocognitive disorders Genotype phenotype correlation i 52. copy number disorders; 53. Early brain and behavior and development in autism; 54. Functional brain connectome in autism; 55. Idiopathic autism, studies in derived in pluripotent stem cell derived neurons; 56. Gene sequence studies and genome wide association studies in autism; 57. Autism genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity; 58. Specific genetic defects and Syndromic autism spectrum disorders; 59. Non-syndromic autism rare variants; 60. Common variants that impact risk in autism spectrum disorders; 61. Beyond the exome Noncoding genome and enhancers in neurodevelopment; 62. Regulatory elements in neurodevelopmental disorders; 63. Chromosome 22q11.2 microdeletion and microduplication and consequent disorders; 64. Attention deficit disorders risk variants; 65. Cross over in neurobehavioral disorders; 66. Intellectual disability inborn errors of metabolism impacting risk nuclear and mitochondrial defects; 67. Therapeutic advances Section VIII Psychiatric diseases 68. DSM and ICD classifications on basis of clinical manifestations; 69. Architectural and cellular elements in psychiatric disorders; 70. Connectome disruptions in psychiatric diseases; 71. Shared heritability in psychiatric disorders; 72. NIH brain initiative; 73. Future of Psychiatry; 74. Treatment of Psychiatric disorders medications, Neurobehavioral therapy; 75. Microbiome and potential gut brain interactions; 76. Neuromodulation techniques; 77. Ethics and Neuroethics in the Brain Initiative Section IX Health and Wellbeing 78. Environmental factors and epigenetics; 79. Nutritional Deficiencies; 80. Environment and Stress systems involved in stress responses; 81. Social Cognition; 82. Ecosystem Ecotherapy; 83. Enhancing Neuroplasticity, promoting Resilience Section X Brain and Mind 84. Concepts and Ideas; 85. Environment, Learning, Experience; 86. Cultures and Societies

Additional information

NGR9780128219133
9780128219133
0128219130
Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders by Moyra Smith (Division of Genetic and Genomic Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States)
New
Paperback
Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc
20210429
306
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