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Imitation of Life By Nancy Forbes (S & T Advisor, JIEDDO  Technology and Requirements Integration Division)

Summary

How scientists are using nature as model and metaphor to reinvent computing: a survey of an emerging field.

Imitation of Life Summary

Imitation of Life: How Biology Is Inspiring Computing by Nancy Forbes (S & T Advisor, JIEDDO / Technology and Requirements Integration Division)

As computers and the tasks they perform become increasingly complex, researchers are looking to nature -- as model and as metaphor -- for inspiration. The organization and behavior of biological organisms present scientists with an invitation to reinvent computing for the complex tasks of the future. In Imitation of Life, Nancy Forbes surveys the emerging field of biologically inspired computing, looking at some of the most impressive and influential examples of this fertile synergy. Forbes points out that the influence of biology on computing goes back to the early days of computer science -- John von Neumann, the architect of the first digital computer, used the human brain as the model for his design. Inspired by von Neumann and other early visionaries, as well as by her work on the "Ultrascale Computing" project at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), Forbes describes the exciting potential of these revolutionary new technologies. She identifies three strains of biologically inspired computing: the use of biology as a metaphor or inspiration for the development of algorithms; the construction of information processing systems that use biological materials or are modeled on biological processes, or both; and the effort to understand how biological organisms "compute," or process information. Forbes then shows us how current researchers are using these approaches. In successive chapters, she looks at artificial neural networks; evolutionary and genetic algorithms, which search for the "fittest" among a generation of solutions; cellular automata; artificial life -- not just a simulation, but "alive" in the internal ecosystem of the computer; DNA computation, which uses the encoding capability of DNA to devise algorithms; self-assembly and its potential use in nanotechnology; amorphous computing, modeled on the kind of cooperation seen in a colony of cells or a swarm of bees; computer immune systems; bio-hardware and how bioelectronics compares to silicon; and the "computational" properties of cells.

Imitation of Life Reviews

...A whirlwind history, richer even than its subtitle suggests. * Nature *
...Forbes [is] an expert guide to the hottest research in a potentially revolutionary area of technology. * Booklist *
[T]hough the text is clearly written, it offers a lot of technical information. Recommended... * Library Journal *

About Nancy Forbes (S & T Advisor, JIEDDO / Technology and Requirements Integration Division)

Nancy Forbes works as a science and technology analyst for the federal government. She has advanced degrees both in physics and the humanities, and has served as a contributing editor for The Industrial Physicist and Computing in Science and Engineering.

Additional information

GOR005491310
9780262562157
0262562154
Imitation of Life: How Biology Is Inspiring Computing by Nancy Forbes (S & T Advisor, JIEDDO / Technology and Requirements Integration Division)
Used - Very Good
Paperback
MIT Press Ltd
2005-09-23
190
N/A
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
This is a used book - there is no escaping the fact it has been read by someone else and it will show signs of wear and previous use. Overall we expect it to be in very good condition, but if you are not entirely satisfied please get in touch with us

Customer Reviews - Imitation of Life