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Waste to Energy Conversion Technology By Naomi B. Klinghoffer (Columbia University)

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology by Naomi B. Klinghoffer (Columbia University)

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Summary

Waste to energy conversion technology explores the systems, technology and impacts of waste to energy conversion. Part one provides an introduction to WTE conversion and reviews the waste hierarchy and WTE systems options along with the corresponding environmental, regulatory and techno-economic issues facing this technology.

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology Summary

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology by Naomi B. Klinghoffer (Columbia University)

Increasing global consumerism and population has led to an increase in the levels of waste produced. Waste to energy (WTE) conversion technologies can be employed to convert residual wastes into clean energy, rather than sending these wastes directly to landfill. Waste to energy conversion technology explores the systems, technology and impacts of waste to energy conversion. Part one provides an introduction to WTE conversion and reviews the waste hierarchy and WTE systems options along with the corresponding environmental, regulatory and techno-economic issues facing this technology. Part two goes on to explore further specific aspects of WTE systems, engineering and technology and includes chapters on municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion plants and WTE systems for district heating. Finally, part three highlights pollution control systems for waste to energy technologies. Waste to energy conversion technology is a standard reference book for plant managers, building engineers and consultants requiring an understanding of WTE technologies, and researchers, scientists and academics interested in the field.

About Naomi B. Klinghoffer (Columbia University)

Naomi B. Klinghoffer is currently a PhD student at Columbia University, USA under the direction of Professor Castaldi. Ms Klinghoffer has presented her work at national and international conferences on all aspects of waste valorization. Professor Marco J. Castaldi is Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering at City University of New York, City College (CCNY), USA. Professor Castaldi is active in the Materials and Energy Recovery Division of ASME and the Research and New Technology Council of AIChE; he has been involved in research and development in waste to energy and gasification technology for the last decade.

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy Foreword Part I: Introduction to waste to energy conversion Chapter 1: Waste to energy (WTE): an introduction Abstract: 1.1 Energy supply and waste management 1.2 Biogenic fraction of carbon and calorific value of municipal solid waste (MSW) 1.3 Thermal treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW) 1.4 Recycling and WTE 1.5 Contents of this book Chapter 2: Environmental and social impacts of waste to energy (WTE) conversion plants Abstract: 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Contributions of WTE conversion to waste reduction and energy generation 2.3 Air quality and residue management considerations of WTE conversion 2.4 Greenhouse gas profile of WTE 2.5 Compatibility of WTE with recycling 2.6 Health and safety aspects of WTE 2.7 Integrated planning for WTE plants 2.8 Future trends Chapter 3: Lifecycle assessment (LCA) and its application to sustainable waste management Abstract: 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Energetic comparison of waste to energy (WTE) systems and alternative waste options 3.3 Emissions comparison of WTE systems and alternative waste options 3.4 Advantages and limitations of using an LCA approach to evaluate waste management systems 3.5 An alternative metric to evaluate waste management systems that addresses goal-oriented needs 3.6 Sources of further information Chapter 4: Feedstocks for waste to energy (WTE) systems: types, properties and analysis Abstract: 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Types of feedstock for WTE systems and their characteristics 4.3 Testing of feedstocks for WTE systems Part II: Waste to energy systems, engineering and technology Chapter 5: Pre-processing and treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW) prior to incineration Abstract: 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Basic screening processes: mass burn 5.3 Fuel upgrading and enhancement processes 5.4 Advanced screening, separation and processing 5.5 Shredding and size reduction processes 5.6 Conclusion Chapter 6: Municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion plants Abstract: 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Principles of combustion 6.3 Mass burn waterwall combustion systems 6.4 Refuse-derived fuel (RDF) combustion systems 6.5 Modular combustion systems 6.6 Advantages and limitations 6.7 New developments 6.8 Sources of further information Chapter 7: Waste firing in large combustion plants Abstract: 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Pulverised-coal (PC) units with direct co-firing 7.3 Direct fluidised-bed combustion 7.4 Co-combustion of gasification gas in a pulverised-coal boiler 7.5 Retrofitting a pulverised-coal plant with fluidised-bed units 7.6 Controlling high-temperature corrosion in co-fired units 7.7 Conclusion Chapter 8: Waste to energy (WTE) systems for district heating Abstract: 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Waste boilers 8.3 Electricity production in waste to energy (WTE) facilities 8.4 WTE facilities as sources of heat 8.5 Optimizing energy efficiency in WTE combined heat and power (CHP) facilities 8.6 Conclusion Chapter 9: Gasification and pyrolysis of municipal solid waste (MSW) Abstract: 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Gasification and pyrolysis 9.3 Products and their applications 9.4 Process analysis and reactor design 9.5 Process modifications for gasification systems 9.6 Environmental effect of gasification 9.7 Technologies in operation 9.8 Conclusion Part III: Pollution control systems for waste to energy technologies Chapter 10: Transformation of waste combustion facilities from major polluters to pollution sinks Abstract: 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Status of waste combustion before 1970 10.3 Air emission regulations and their influence upon technology 10.4 Dioxin emissions 10.5 Environmental impact of emissions from modern waste combustion plants 10.6 Conclusion Chapter 11: Air quality equipment and systems for waste to energy (WTE) conversion plants Abstract: 11.1 Air quality considerations and regulations for municipal waste combustors 11.2 Acid gas scrubbing in municipal waste combustors 11.3 Particulate control devices utilized at waste combustion facilities 11.4 Control of nitrogen oxide emissions and hazardous air pollutants from waste combustors 11.5 Air pollution control cost-benefit analysis 11.6 Air quality technology innovations for municipal waste combustors Index

Additional information

NGR9780857090119
9780857090119
0857090119
Waste to Energy Conversion Technology by Naomi B. Klinghoffer (Columbia University)
New
Hardback
Elsevier Science & Technology
2013-05-15
256
N/A
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