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Geology and Environment In Britain and Ireland By Nigel Woodcock

Geology and Environment In Britain and Ireland
by Nigel Woodcock

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An introductory text on the popular topic of environmental geology, this work focuses on the British Isles. It contains numerous illustrations and covers not only the central subtopics of environmental geology but also resource and economic issues.
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Geology and Environment In Britain and Ireland Summary


Geology and Environment In Britain and Ireland by Nigel Woodcock

A complete introductory text on an increasingly popular subject, "Geology and Environment in Britain and Ireland" aims to provide suitably broad coverage for students requiring a treatment clearly foucused on familiar examples but retaining a global perspective. The book summarizes for Earth and environmental scientists the ways in which geology relates to the natural environmentand to the humand activites that it supports. The natural environment is more than the oceans, the atmosphere and the diversity of the land surface. It extends below the ground and stretches back in time through the Earth's history. These environmental dimensions are the concern of geology. First, the book summarizes the geological influences on society through control of landscape and human geography, and through the threats posed by hazards such as landslides, subsidence and earhquakes. Next, the many Earth resources that support human activity are described: land, water, construction materials minerals, coal, oil, and gas. How are they formed or replenished? Which resources are are sustainable for use over more than the immediate geological future? Thirdly, the impacts of human activity an the Earth are examined - the results of extracting geological resources, of intentionally engineering the environment, and of carelessly polluting land and underground water supplies. Perhaps most serious of all is atmospheric pollution caused by burning geological fuels, threatening global change on scales only familiar from the geological record. This book is published at a pivotal point in the history of geology. Scientists who, for a century and a half, have been preoccupied with finding Earth resources are increasingly being asked where on Earth to dispose of the effluents from using them. "Geology and Environment in Britain and Ireland" provides a comapct, abundantly illustrated summary of both sides of this dilemma. Its final chapter breaks new ground in opening a debate on the ethical basis of applied geology - a debate which is needed to steer the subject into the 21st century. The book should be of use to undergraduates in geology or environmental sciences, to accompany a taught course on applied geology or as supplementary reading to their first year of geology. A-level students in geology, geography or environmental science should find it a useful reference. Professional geologists and environmental scientists should value the book as a broad but concise survey of the subject, as a helpful compilation of data, and as a guide to primary date sources. Readers outside the British Isles should find it an invaluable overview of the application of geology in the region. Nigel Woodcock teaches geology in both the Department of Earth Sciences and Clare College in the University of Cambridge. He has published over 80 scientific papers, mainly in the fields of structural geology, sedimentology and environmental geology, and is a prolific reviewer of geological books. He has extensive field experience in Turkey, Cyprus, Greece, and particularly in Britain and Irelansd. This book is intended for first-year undergraduate students in departments of geology, Earth sciences, environmental sciences, environmental studies, civil engineering, taking an introductory course on environmental geology or geology and the environment.

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Table of Contents


Preface
Sources of illustrations

Environmental geology
Environmental geology
Definition and content
Further reading
Geological influences on society
Geology and landscape
Geological history of the British Isles
The geological map of the British Isles
Landscape and solid geology
Landscape and Quaternary geology
Geology and human geography
Rural geography
Vernacular architecture
Urban and industrial geography
Geology and historical geography
Further reading
Geological hazards
Hazard type and assessment
Earthquakes
Volcanoes
Landslides
Coastal erosion
Floods
Subsidence
Geomedical hazards
Future impacts of natural hazards
Further reading

Earth resources for society
Resources
Types of geological resources
Resource assessment
Further reading
Land
Land as a resource
Soil
Land use in the British Isles
Global perspectives
Further reading
Water
The hydrological cycle
Water availability and use in the British Isles
Behaviour of groundwater
Management of surface water
Groundwater in the British Isles
Water futures in the UK
Global perspectives
Further reading
Construction materials
Use of construction materials
Properties of construction materials
Distribution in the British Isles
Production in the British Isles
Global perspectives
Further reading
Industrial and metallic minerals
Nature and use
Formation processes
Examples of mineralization processes
Minerals in the British Isles
Global perspectives
Further reading
Coal and peat
Requirements for coal and peat formation
Deltaic coal environment
Recent peat deposits
Burial and maturation
Geography of coal and peat
Coal consumption and production
Global perspectives
Further reading
Petroleum
The importance of petroleum
Requirements for oil and gas
Exploration and production techniques
Oil and gasfield examples
Hydrocarbon plays
Production in space and time
Unconventional petroleum
Uses of petroleum
Global perspectives
Further reading
Energy perspectives
Energy use
Fossil fuel reserves and shortfall
Uranium and nuclear power
Geothermal energy
Renewable energy
Energy futures
Further reading

Human impacts on the Earth
Environmental impacts
The nature of the environment
Geological impacts
Further reading
Resource extraction
Extracting geological resources
Withdrawal of subsurface fluids
Underground mining
Surface mining and quarrying
Impacts in the British Isles
Global perspectives
Further reading
Engineering geology
Physical principles
Foundations
Excavations and embankments
Water engineering
Coastal management
Agriculture
Urbanization
Global perspectives
Further reading
Land and water pollution
Wastes and pollution
Point-source pollution
Diffuse pollution
Radioactive wastes
Global perspectives
Further reading
Atmospheric pollution
Local air pollution
The greenhouse effect
Geology and global warming
Stratospheric ozone depletion
Further reading

Geology and society
Geology and society
History of applied geology
Science in society
Geology and environmental ideas
Geology and the future
Further reading
Glossary
List of references
Index

Additional information

GOR001410734
Geology and Environment In Britain and Ireland by Nigel Woodcock
Nigel Woodcock
Used - Very Good
Paperback
Taylor & Francis Ltd
1994-06-30
174
1857280547
9781857280548
N/A
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
This is a used book - there is no escaping the fact it has been read by someone else and it will show signs of wear and previous use. Overall we expect it to be in very good condition, but if you are not entirely satisfied please get in touch with us.