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Determining Prehistoric Skin Processing Technologies By Theresa Emmerich Kamper

Determining Prehistoric Skin Processing Technologies by Theresa Emmerich Kamper

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Summary

This research outlines the development of a systematic, non-destructive method for identifying the tanning technologies used to produce prehistoric skin artefacts. The approach combines extensive archaeological research and over 25 years of the author's personal tanning experience.

Determining Prehistoric Skin Processing Technologies Summary

Determining Prehistoric Skin Processing Technologies: The Macro and Microscopic Characteristics of Experimental Samples by Theresa Emmerich Kamper

The importance of skin processing technologies in the history and expansion of humankind cannot be overstated, yet these technologies can be difficult to identify in the archaeological record. This research outlines the development of a systematic, non-destructive method for identifying the tanning technologies used to produce prehistoric skin artefacts. The approach combines extensive archaeological research and over 25 years of the author's personal tanning experience. The method employs observations of an extensive sample reference collection, both macroscopic and microscopic, to produce a database of defining characteristics for six tannage types, from a large geographic area and time frame. The primary collection contains 22 species identified as economically important from both Europe and North America. A secondary collection of clothing and utilitarian items, made from traditionally processed skins, was used to add 'in-life use' traces to the database. The method was tested against both archaeological items from a variety of preservation contexts, and ethnographic items from museum collections across North America and Europe. This analysis confirmed that defining characteristics do exist between the primary tannage technologies, and that at least some defining characteristics survived in all preservation contexts. These can be recorded at multiple levels of observation, and often provide insight into small sections of the artefact's production sequence and life history. This research shows definitively that processed skin items from vastly different preservation contexts can provide a wealth of information about prehistoric tannage technologies, as well as information on manufacturing sequences and the conditions of use an item experienced. The method is a valuable analytical tool for those involved in conservation, curation or analysis of archaeological or ethnographic skin products. It provides a consolidated source of information for artisans working with traditional tanning, or re-enactors interested in the history or science of skin products. Finally, it serves as an example of the targeted use of experimental archaeology in a large-scale research project, and will be beneficial to anyone involved in experimental or experiential archaeology.

About Theresa Emmerich Kamper

Dr. Theresa Emmerich Kamper is an avid practitioner of traditional living skills and primitive technology of all kinds, and has tanned skins using traditional technologies for over twenty five years. She originates from the state of Wyoming in the United States, where she was lucky enough to grow up as part of a family of outdoor enthusiasts. The vast tracks of wilderness surrounding her home town allowed ample opportunity to practice and hone her practical skill sets. She holds a Masters Degree in Experimental Archaeology from the University of Exeter, as well as a PhD on the microscopic analysis of prehistoric processed skin artefacts. She held an internship with the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History which resulted in the co-authored article Modelling scale and variability in human-environmental interaction in Inner Asia in Ecological Modelling. As part of the Openarch project funded by the Culture Program of the European Union, she was heavily involved in experimental work and public demonstrations at archaeological open air museums. In addition she helped plan and deliver an international workshop in Exeter, give presentations at international project conferences and co-authored a chapter in Life-Cycle of Structures in Experimental Archaeology: an object biography approach with Sidestone Press. She is currently an honorary research fellow with the University of Exeter and teaches practical courses across Europe, North America and the Near East on various tannage technologies as well as continuing to engage in research projects with a broad array of museum and academic institutions.

Table of Contents

Preface Chapter 1: Connecting disciplines & traditions in archaeological skin processing Chapter 2: Methodologies for investigating early tanning technologies Chapter 3: Rationale for faunal selection Chapter 4: Methodology for chosen tanning technologies Chapter 5: Analysis of experimental reference sample collection Chapter 6: Collection analysis by tannage: Interpretation of results Chapter 7: Identification of in-life use traces Chapter 8: Tying it all together: discriminating traits by tannage type Chapter 9: Discussion and conclusions Appendices Glossary Bibliography

Additional information

NGR9789088908361
9789088908361
9088908362
Determining Prehistoric Skin Processing Technologies: The Macro and Microscopic Characteristics of Experimental Samples by Theresa Emmerich Kamper
New
Paperback
Sidestone Press
20200604
206
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