Principles of Paleoclimatology By Thomas M. Cronin
Principles of Paleoclimatology
by Thomas M. Cronin
Using the geologic records of ocean and lake sediment, ice cores, corals, and other natural archives, Principles of Paleoclimatology describes the history of the Earth's climate-the ice age cycles, sea level changes, volcanic activity, changes in atmosphere and solar radiation-and the resulting, sometimes catastrophic, biotic responses.
Principles of Paleoclimatology by Thomas M. Cronin
Greenhouse gases, global warming, thinning ozone layers-understanding the Earth's climatic changes is one of today's most pressing international concerns. How fast has the climate changed? Where and why is it changing? What is the impact of climate change on our ecosystems, coastal regions, glaciers, forests, and lakes, and even on the evolution of our own species? This introduction to the rapidly emerging field of paleoclimatology explains the patterns and processes in the history of the Earth's climate to answer such essential questions. Using the geologic records of ocean and lake sediment, ice cores, corals, and other natural archives, Principles of Paleoclimatology describes the history of the Earth's climate-the ice age cycles, sea level changes, volcanic activity, changes in atmosphere and solar radiation-and the resulting, sometimes catastrophic, biotic responses. These paleoclimate records provide a baseline against which we can compare modern climate trends. Designed to give a fundamental background-including both history and methodology-to the discipline of paleoclimatology, this book is the first to advance our understanding of how climate change develops, how those changes are detected, and how the climate of the past can shape the climate of the future.
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"My copy of "Principles of Paleoclimatology" is already very well-thumbed and dog-eared and my appreciation of its thorough synthesis only continues to grow." -- Jeannine-Marie St. Jacques, Queen's University, "Journal of Paleontology"
About Thomas M. Cronin
Thomas M. Cronin is an adjunct professor in the Department of Geography and Earth Systems Science at George Mason University in Virginia. He is also a research geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey.
Table of Contents
1. Contemporary Issues in Climate Change: The Role of Paleoclimatology Models and Observations Paleoclimatology: The Time Dimension Early Thoughts and Contemporary Sources A Brief Outline of This Book 2. Principles of Paleoclimatology Introduction: A Multidisciplinary Approach in Paleoclimatology Defining the Principles of Paleoclimatology Causes of Climate Change: The Climate System "Time is of the essence" Strategies to Study Climate History The Development of an Annual-Resolution Deglacial Chronology Proxies of Climate The Evolution of Glacial-Age Climatology 3. Vital Effects: Biological Aspects of Paleoclimatology Biological Principles in Paleoclimatology A Conceptual Framework of Biology and Climate Change Scale in Paleoclimatology Real Biological Entities or Heuristic Constructs? Biological Concepts in Paleoclimatology Summary 4. Orbital Climate Change The Jia-Li Monument Early Development of Orbital Theory Support for Orbital Theory from Geochronology The Deep-Sea Record of Orbital Climate Change Fundamental Tenets of Modern Orbital Theory Geologic and Biotic Evidence for Orbital Climate Change Challenges to Orbital Theory Modeling Orbital Climate Change Closing Comments 5. Millennial-Scale Climate Change Dryas octopetala Early Evidence for Rapid Climate Change Ice and Millennial-Scale Climate Change The Younger Dryas and Other Rapid Climate Events During Deglaciation Heinrich Events and Dansgaard-Oeschger Cycles: Millennial-Scale Climate Change During Glacial Periods The Eemian: Climatic Variability During the Last Interglacial Period Summary 6. Holocene Centennial and Decadal Climatic Variability Polar Bears and Potatoes: Human History and Holocene Climate Classical Holocene Climate Chronology Early and Middle Holocene Climatic History Late Holocene Climate History Forcing Mechanisms of Centennial and Decadal Holocene Climate Concluding Remarks 7. Interannual Climate Change in the Tropics: ENSO La Corriente del Nino Interannual Paleoclimatology Aspects of Modern El Nino--Southern Oscillation Paleoclimate Records of Tropical Seasonal and Interannual Climate Goddard Institute of Space Studies General Circulation Model of Isotopic Response to Interannual Climate 8. Sea-Level Change By Land or by Sea? Early Concepts of Sea-Level Change Geological Geochemical, Geophysical, and BiologicalEvidence for Sea-Level Change Processes Affecting Sea-Level Change Cenozoic Sea Level: Tectono-eustasy Versus Glacio-eustasy Quaternary Sea-Level History Historical Sea-Level Change Summary 9. Paleo-Atmospheres: The Ice-Core Record of Climate Change Atmospheric Change: Human and Natural Factors The Ice-Core Record of Paleo-atmospheres and Climate Change "One Thousand Centuries:" The Camp Century Climate Record Climate Proxies from Ice Cores The Dating and Correlation of Ice Cores Glacial-Interglacial Climate Carbon Dioxide, and Methane Millennial-Scale Atmospheric Variability and Climate Change The "Flickering Switch" of Climate Mechanisms of Climate Change
Principles of Paleoclimatology by Thomas M. Cronin
Thomas M. Cronin
The Critical Moments and Perspectives in Earth History and Paleobiology
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Columbia University Press
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