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Elementary Number Theory: Primes, Congruences, and Secrets By William Stein

Elementary Number Theory: Primes, Congruences, and Secrets by William Stein

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Summary

In the 1980s and 1990s, elliptic curves revolutionized number theory, providing striking new insights into the congruent number problem, primality testing, publ- key cryptography, attacks on public-key systems, and playing a central role in Andrew Wiles' resolution of Fermat's Last Theorem.

Elementary Number Theory: Primes, Congruences, and Secrets Summary

Elementary Number Theory: Primes, Congruences, and Secrets: A Computational Approach by William Stein

This is a book about prime numbers, congruences, secret messages, and elliptic curves that you can read cover to cover. It grew out of undergr- uate courses that the author taught at Harvard, UC San Diego, and the University of Washington. The systematic study of number theory was initiated around 300B. C. when Euclid proved that there are in?nitely many prime numbers, and also cleverly deduced the fundamental theorem of arithmetic, which asserts that every positive integer factors uniquely as a product of primes. Over a thousand years later (around 972A. D. ) Arab mathematicians formulated the congruent number problem that asks for a way to decide whether or not a given positive integer n is the area of a right triangle, all three of whose sides are rational numbers. Then another thousand years later (in 1976), Di?e and Hellman introduced the ?rst ever public-key cryptosystem, which enabled two people to communicate secretely over a public communications channel with no predetermined secret; this invention and the ones that followed it revolutionized the world of digital communication. In the 1980s and 1990s, elliptic curves revolutionized number theory, providing striking new insights into the congruent number problem, primality testing, publ- key cryptography, attacks on public-key systems, and playing a central role in Andrew Wiles' resolution of Fermat's Last Theorem.

Elementary Number Theory: Primes, Congruences, and Secrets Reviews

From the reviews:

This one treats topics that have become standard in recent years ... and it has exercises with selected solutions. ... it gives the students a tool to do calculations that illustrate even the most abstract concepts, and, simultaneously, introduces them to an open source software that can later be applied profitably for studying research problems. ... introducing the reader to a powerful software system. (Franz Lemmermeyer, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1155, 2009)

The cliche that number theory, ever the purest mathematics, now yields very practical applications barely tells the story. Teach undergraduate number theory today, and students demand to hear about public-key cryptography and related technologies. ... Stein (Univ. of Washington) serves undergraduates well by ... opening the way by intimating their power. ... he frames the sophisticated Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture as the new canonical challenge for the future. Summing Up: Recommended. All undergraduates students, professionals, and general readers. (D. V. Feldman, Choice, Vol. 47 (2), October, 2009)

This book is an introduction to elementary number theory with a computational flavor. ... Many numerical examples are given throughout the book using the Sage mathematical software. The text is aimed at an undergraduate student with a basic knowledge of groups, rings and fields. Each chapter concludes with several exercises. (Samuel S. Wagstaff Jr., Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2009 i)

Table of Contents

Prime Numbers.- The Ring of Integers Modulo n.- Public-key Cryptography.- Quadratic Reciprocity.- Continued Fractions.- Elliptic Curves.

Additional information

NPB9780387855240
9780387855240
0387855246
Elementary Number Theory: Primes, Congruences, and Secrets: A Computational Approach by William Stein
New
Hardback
Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
20081203
168
N/A
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