Thinking and Reasoning by Alan Garnham
In this introduction presents a wide range of research on all aspects of thinking and reasoning. Thinking has been studied in many ways, and has been analyzed from many theoretical viewpoints. "Thinking and Reasoning" draws on a variety of approaches but locates its subject matter squarely within the theoretical framework of modern cognitive psychology and cognitive science. After a brief historical introduction, the book covers all core areas of thinking and reasoning: concepts and images, the relation between language and thought, logic and deductive reasoning, induction, hypothesis testing, statistical reasoning, decision making, problem solving, expertise, creativity, everyday thinking, the teaching of thinking skills, and the development of thinking."Thinking and Reasoning" includes an abundance of illustrative examples of reasoning problems, many of which the reader can attempt to solve before reading on to find the solution. This text will provide the ideal introduction to thinking and reasoning.