With gender as its central focus, this book offers a transnational, multi-faceted understanding of citizenship as legislated, imagined, and exercised since the late eighteenth century. Framed around three crosscutting themes - agency, space and borders - leading scholars demonstrate what historians can bring to the study of citizenship and its evolving relationship with the theory and practice of democracy, and how we can make the concept of citizenship operational for studying past societies and cultures.
The essays examine the past interactions of women and men with public authorities, their participation in civic life within various kinds of polities and the meanings they attached to their actions. In analyzing the way gender operated both to promote and to inhibit civic consciousness, action, and practice, this book advances our knowledge about the history of citizenship and the evolution of the modern state.
Rachel Fuchs is Regents' Professor of History Emerita at Arizona State University, USA. Her publications focus on women, children, paternity and the family within the context of the state, law, medicine and social welfare in modern France.
Anne Epstein is a historian, project researcher and adjunct lecturer based in Helsinki, Finland. She has taught at the Universities of Helsinki and Jyvaskyla In Finland, and at the Strasbourg Institute of Political Studies, Science Po Paris, and the University of Strasbourg in France, where she remains affiliated with the research unit SAGE (Societies, Actors, Government in Europe).
Introduction; Anne R. Epstein and Rachel G. Fuchs.- PART I: AGENCY.- 1. Citizenship, the French Revolution, and the Limits of Martial Masculinity; Jennifer Ngaire Heuer.- 2. Family Despotism and the Rights of the Person [lichnost']: the Politics of the Personal in Late Imperial Russia; Barbara A. Engel.- 3. Gender and the Politics of Morality in Japan: A Comparison of the Suffrage Movement in the Interwar Era with Feminist Electoral Politics of the 1970s; Barbara Molony.- PART II: SPACE.- 4. Patriarchy and Women's Resistance in Morocco on the Eve of Colonialism; Chouki El Hamel.- 5. Charisma in the Modern Age: The Case of Argentina and Latin America, 1946-2015; Donna Guy.- 6. Liminal and Legible: Gendered Citizenship and State-Formative Practices in the 1950s; Anupama Roy.- PART III: BORDERS.- 7. The Economics of Citizenship: Gender Regimes and Property Rights in Romania in the Twentieth Century; Maria Bucur.- 8. Cold War Gendered Imaginaries of Citizenship and Transnational Women's Activism: The Case of the Movie Die Windrose (1957); Chiara Bonfiglioli.- 9. Women Citizens of the French Union Unite! Jane Vialle's Postwar Crusade; Lorelle Semley.- 10. The Right to Family: Chinese Marriage Immigrants, Chinese Children, and Graduated Citizenship in Taiwan; Sara L. Friedman.- Conclusion: Conceptualizing Citizenship; Anne R. Epstein and Rachel G. Fuchs.