James Crawford is the recipient of the 2012 Manley O. Hudson Medal awarded by the American Society of International Law for scholarship and achievement in international law. He previously held chairs at Adelaide and Sydney, is a Senior Counsel (NSW) and also a member of the English bar, practising from Matrix Chambers. He was the first Australian member of the United Nations International Law Commission and was responsible for the ILC's work on the International Criminal Court (1992-4) and for the second reading of the ILC Articles on State Responsibility (1997-2001). In addition to scholarly work on statehood, collective rights, investment law and international responsibility, he has appeared frequently before the International Court of Justice and other international tribunals, and is engaged as expert, counsel and arbitrator in international arbitration. From 1995-2003 and from 2006-10 he was Director of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge. The late Sir Ian Brownlie, CBE, QC, Barrister at Blackstone Chambers, London, Chichele Professor of Public International Law, University of Oxford (Emeritus), Distinguished Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, Former Member and Chairman of the International Law Commission.