This reappraisal of the art and architecture of ancient Rome focuses on the personal, social and cultural identity of its subjects. The question of identity is key to understanding the nature of the Roman Empire and the book discusses patronage on different social levels.
In this reappraisal of the art and architecture of ancient Rome, Eve D'Ambra focuses on the personal, social and cultural identity of its subjects. The acquisition of art, whether the purchase of copies of Greek statuary, the construction of a sumptuous villa or the commissioning of a portrait head, played a crucial role in Roman society in which displays of wealth and culture were necessary to gain and maintain power. The question of identity is key to understanding the nature of the Roman Empire, which seemed infinitely expandable at its peak, welcomed foreigners to become Romans, freed slaves to citizen status and allowed social mobility within a strictly hierarchical social order. D'Ambra discusses patronage on different social levels, from that of the emperor and his court to those of shopkeepers and or artisans, in diverse regions of the empire and in distinct ethnic groups. She compares the imagery of the state and of military victory with the humblest funerary reliefs. Many provincial artworks were based on imperial models, but others were created in resistance to prevailing imperial standards. D'Ambra draws on a range of sculptures, wall paintings, decorative arts, coins and architectures, from Italy to the edges of the Empire, evoking the traditionalism and the adaptability of Roman art. She also looks ahead to the art and architecture of the fourth century AD, which despite the emergence of Christianity as the dominant religion continued to be influenced by Roman styles and themes.
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Introduction - Empire and its myths: foundations; reactions to dominant cultures; from Republic to Empire. Part 1 The social order: identity and status; elites; urban working classes; women and the family; outsiders and insiders. Part 2 The city and urban space: the city as a civilization; civic spectacle; ruler and subjects. Part 3 Portraiture and commemoration: high and low; modesty and adornment; heroic modes; preserving memory. Part 4 Houses and painted interiors: duty and domesticity; gardens; painted perspectives. Part 5 The limits of Empire: town and country; power and privilege; gods and cults.
Art & Identity In The Roman World by Eve D'Ambra
Everyman Art Library
Used - Very Good
Orion Publishing Co
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