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Teaching Language as Communication By H. G. Widdowson

Teaching Language as Communication

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This book develops a rational approach to the teaching of language as communication, based on a careful consideration of the nature of language and of the language user's activities. It will stimulate all language teachers to investigate the ideas that inform their own practice.
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Teaching Language as Communication Summary


Teaching Language as Communication by H. G. Widdowson

This book develops a rational approach to the teaching of language as communication, based on a careful consideration of the nature of language and of the language user's activities. It will stimulate all language teachers to investigate the ideas that inform their own practice.

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Table of Contents


Introduction ; 1. Usage and Use ; 1.1 Correctness and appropriacy ; 1.2 Usage and use as aspects of performance ; 1.3 Usage and use in classroom presentation ; 1.4 Aspects of meaning: signification and value ; 1.5 Usage and use in the design of language teaching materials ; 1.6 Selecting areas of use for teaching language ; 1.7 Summary and conclusion ; Notes and references ; 2. Discourse ; 2.1 Sentence, proposition and illocutionary act ; 2.2 Cohesion and propositional development ; 2.3 Coherence and illocutionary development ; 2.4 The relationship between propositional and illocutionary development ; 2.5 Procedures of interpretation ; 2.6 Deriving discourse from sentences: an example ; 2.6.1 Propositional development: achieving cohesion ; 2.6.2 Illocutionary development: achieving coherence ; 2.7 Conventions of coherence ; 2.8 Deriving discourse by arrangement: another example ; 2.9 Summary and conclusion ; Notes and references ; 3. Linguistic skills and communicative abilities ; 3.1 The four skills ; 3.2 Activities associated with spoken language ; 3.3 Activities associated with written language ; 3.4 Reciprocal and non-reciprocal activities ; 3.5 Linguistic skills and communicative abilities ; 3.6 Retrospective and prospective interpretation ; 3.7 Assimilation and discrimination ; 3.8 Non-verbal communication ; 3.9 Summary and conclusion ; Notes and references ; 4. Comprehending and reading ; 4.1 Preview ; 4.2 The reading passage as dependent exemplification ; 4.3 The reading passage as independent 'comprehension piece' ; 4.3.1 Extracts: the problem of authenticity ; 4.3.2 Extracts: the comprehending problem ; 4.3.2.1 Priming glossaries ; 4.3.2.2 Prompting glossaries ; 4.3.3 Simplified versions ; 4.3.4 Simple accounts ; 4.4 Gradual approximation ; 4.5 Comprehension questions: forms and functions ; 4.5.1 Types of question by reference to form ; 4.5.2 Types of question by reference to function ; 4.5.2.1 Usage reference ; 4.5.2.2 Use inference ; 4.6 Other reading exercises ; Notes and references ; 5. Composing and writing ; 5.1 Preview ; 5.2 Types of grammar exercise ; 5.3 Exercises in usage and use ; 5.3.1 Composing sentences in passages ; 5.3.2 Using the contexts of the reading passage ; 5.4 Preparation exercises ; 5.5 Exploitation exercises ; 5.5.1 Gradual approximation: sentence to discourse units ; 5.5.2 Gradual approximation: act to discourse units ; 5.5.2.1 Focus on single illocutionary acts ; 5.5.2.2 Relationships between pairs of acts ; 5.5.2.3 Extension to larger discourse units ; 5.5.3 Rhetorical transformation of discourse units ; 5.5.4 Information transfer ; 5.6 Summary and conclusion ; Notes and references ; 6. Towards an integrated approach ; 6.1 Preview: the need for integration ; 6.2 The discourse to discourse scheme ; 6.3 Types of procedure ; 6.3.1 Demonstration: rhetorical transformation by gradual approximation ; 6.3.2 Demonstration: rhetorical transformation by illocutionary change ; 6.3.3 Demonstration: information transfer ; 6.4 Principles of approach ; 6.4.1 Rational appeal: the use of translation ; 6.4.2 Integration and control ; 6.5 Summary and conclusion ; Notes and references ; Index

Additional information

GOR001301040
Teaching Language as Communication by H. G. Widdowson
H. G. Widdowson
Oxford Applied Linguistics
Used - Very Good
Paperback
Oxford University Press
1978-06-22
192
0194370771
9780194370776
N/A
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
This is a used book - there is no escaping the fact it has been read by someone else and it will show signs of wear and previous use. Overall we expect it to be in very good condition, but if you are not entirely satisfied please get in touch with us.