This text looks at the relationship between biological factors (mostly brain activity) and behaviour, and shows students what biology has to do with psychology. It explains how such aspects of brain activity as neurotransmission and neuroanatomy relate to "real" psychological topics.
This student-friendly text looks at the relationship between biological factors (mostly brain activity) and behaviour, and shows students what biology has to do with psychology. The author reveals how such aspects of brain activity as neurotransmission and neuroanatomy relate to "real" psychological topics such as language and learning, sexual behaviour, anxiety, aggressive behaviour, depression, and schizophrenia. This revised edition features new art, research, examples, and extended coverage of genetics and evolution.
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"Kalat's writing is, as always, rich in content, yet lucid in presentation and design. His choices as to which material to include, and which to ?drop? are without fault; and the weight he gives to each of the parts is just about perfect. . . . His has always been the best text in the area, hands down!" "The author's use of first person helps to give the book more of an adventure travelogue feel than a stuffy textbook feel. I think the book communicates well the fact that biopsychology is a dynamic and empirical field in which important and fascinating new discoveries are being made continuously. Furthermore, I like how the book emphasizes the topics and issues that relate directly to the students? lives." "Kalat's book, in all its revisions, has remained the best book available. I have often thought of writing a text in this area, but it has never been ?necessary? because of Kalat's work. If I had to pick a single strength, it would be the conversational tone of the writing. This a scary topic for many students, and Kalat makes it accessible."
Table of Contents
Introduction: the goals of biological psychology; biological explanations of behaviour; in closing - the biology of experience. Human behaviour in the context of the animal kingdom: the genetics and evolution of behaviour; the genetics of behaviour; the evolution of behaviour; in closing - genes and behaviour; the use of animals in research; reasons for animal research; the ethical debate; in closing - humans and animals. Nerve cells and nerve impulses: the cells of the nervous system; neurons and glia; structural changes in neurons and glia; the blood-brain barrier; the nourishment of vertebrate neurons; in closing - neurons; the nerve impulse; the resting potential of the neuron; the action potential; propagation of the action potential; the myelin sheath and saltatory conduction; signaling without action potentials; in closing - neural messages. Synapses and drugs: the concept of the synapse; the properties of synapses; relationship among EPSP, IPSP, and action potential; in closing - the neuron as decision maker; chemical events at the synapse; the discovery that most synaptic transmission is chemical; the sequence of chemical events at a synapse; in closing - neurotransmitters and behaviour; synapses, drugs, and behaviour; how drugs can affect synapses; synapses, reinforcement, and addiction; some other self-administered drugs; in closing - drugs and behaviour. The anatomy and investigation of the nervous system: the divisions of the vertebrate nervous system; some terminology; the spinal cord; the autonomic nervous system; the hindbrain; the midbrain; the forebrain; the ventricles; in closing - structures of the nervous system; the cerebral cortex; organization of the cerebral cortex; the occipital lobe; the parietal lobe; the temporal lobe; the frontal lobe; in closing - functions of the cerebral cortex; investigating how the brain controls behaviour; the stereotaxic instrument; lesions and ablations; stimulating and recording brain activity; studying the structure of living human brains; measuring human brain activity; in closing - identifying the functions of brain areas. The development and evolution of the brain: the development of the brain; the growth and differentiation of the vertebrate brain; pathfinding by axons; fine-tuning by experience; the vulnerable developing brain; in closing - brain development; the evolution of the brain and its capacities; inferring the evolution of the brain and behaviour; what makes the human brain special?; in closing - the evolution of the brain and intelligence. Vision: visual coding and the retinal receptors; reception, transduction and coding; the eye and its connections to the brain; visual receptors - rods and cones; color vision; in closing - visual receptors; the neural basis of visual perception; an overview of the mammalian visual system; mechanisms of processing in the visual system; concurrent pathways in the visual system; the cerebral cortex - the shape pathway.
Biological Psychology by James W. Kalat
James W. Kalat
Used - Very Good
Cengage Learning, Inc
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