Altaf Hussain was politically active from a very young age. While attending the University of Karachi, he served as General Secretary and later as President of the National Student's Action Committee. Hussain founded the 'All Pakistan Mohajir Student Organization' (APMSO) on 11 June 1978. The APMSO was formed as a student rights group campaigning for the rights of Muhajir students at the University of Karachi. It later gave birth to the Muhajir Qaumi Movement (MQM), which transformed into Muttahida Qaumi Movement in 1997. On 19 June 1992 the Pakistani government launched the first army operation against the MQM in the wake of which a parallel organisation was formed. He converted the MQM from Muhajir Qaumi Movement to Muttahida Qaumi Movement, to accommodate members from other ethnic groups.