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Books by Anton Chekhov

ANTON PAVLOVICH CHEKHOV was born on January 17, 1860, in Taganrog, a port on the Sea of Azov. His father, a small shopkeeper, had been born a serf, but his grandfather had saved enough money to buy freedom for himself and his sons.

Chekhov had four brothers and one sister, and their needs were a primary concern for him during his entire life. The fam-ily rived in a miserable neighborhood and their one-story house had a shop in the front and a tavern in the basement. The tyrannical father did not spare the boys in any way, and Anton was an often-flogged little garbage man and bartender.

In a letter to one of his brothers, Chekhov later wrote:

"I beg you to remember that despotism and lies destroyed your mother's youth. Despotism and lies have spoiled our youth to such a degree that it is loathsome and terrible to recall it. Remember the fear and revulsion we felt every time Father threw his indignant and furious tantrums at the din-ner table because the soup was too salty, reviling and insult-ing our mother as if she were a dim-witted imbecile."

At age sixteen, Chekhov was left to fend for himself when his father moved the family to Moscow in order to escape debtor's prison. Anton remained in Taganrog where he was in school on a scholarship. Away from his father, his true nature blossomed and replaced misery with a youthful exuberance to which was added a passion for the theater and music.

After finishing school in Taganrog, Chekhov went to Moscow, where he studied medicine at the University on schol-arship. To help with his family's finances, he started publishing articles, tales, jokes, and anecdotes. By the time that he earned his medical degree in 1884, his main interest was writing. His medical practice furnished him with constant contact with uninhibited human beings who in their weakened states pro-vided him with an infinite amount of material--and skepti-cism. He wrote that medicine was his "legal wife" and that lit-erature was his "mistress."

Chekhov's literary reputation grew with the publication of his collection Motley Stories (1886). In 1888 he was awarded the Pushkin Prize for another collection, In the Twilight. This, and publication of his story "The Steppe" (1888), established him as one of Russia's leading writers.

All of Chekhov's writing reflects the man himself. From age fourteen, when he had his first attack of pleurisy, until his death, he was often desperately ill. He understood the impor-tance of what he called "life's trifles" and rarely neglected these in his writing. In the conduct of his life he was the epitome of all that was kind, generous, witty, and humane, and he was an inveterate optimist. On his deathbed, he wrote: "life and peo-ple are becoming better and better, wiser and more honor-able. . . ." But he did not believe in shifting responsibility for one's behavior to circumstances and society. The human being, he intensely believed, was perfectly competent to judge right from wrong. This did not make him popular with the future socialist revolutionaries, and adverse criticisms of his work were at times purely political.

Chekhov has been known best in the English-speaking world for his plays, which he wrote in the last years of his life: The Seagull (1896), Uncle Vanya (1897), The Three Sisters (1901), and The Cherry Orchard (1904). His stories, however, were greatly admired from the beginning and were translated into many European languages soon after publication in Russia.

In 1901 Chekhov married the actress Olga Knipper, who played leading roles in several of his plays that were staged by the Moscow Art Theater. He died of tuberculosis on July 2, 1904, at a German health resort in Badenweiler.

Paula P. Ross (Kalamazoo, MI) is the translator of Chekhov's Stories of Women and Stories of Men. She has taught economics and sociology.

Stories By Anton Chekhov
Storiesby Anton Chekhov
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Fifty-Two Stories By Anton Chekhov
Fifty-Two Storiesby Anton Chekhov
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The Plays of Anton Chekhov By Anton Chekhov
The Plays of Anton Chekhovby Anton Chekhov
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Plays By Anton Chekhov
Playsby Anton Chekhov
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The Essential Tales of Chekhov By Anton Chekhov
The Essential Tales of Chekhovby Anton Chekhov
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Anton Chekhov: The Major Plays By Anton Chekhov
Anton Chekhov: The Major Playsby Anton Chekhov
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Uncle Vanya By Anton Chekhov
Uncle Vanyaby Anton Chekhov
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About Love and Other Stories By Anton Chekhov
About Love and Other Storiesby Anton Chekhov
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The Cherry Orchard By Anton Chekhov
The Cherry Orchardby Anton Chekhov
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Povesti i rasskazy -        . By Anton Chekhov
Povesti i rasskazy - .by Anton Chekhov
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"The Three Sisters" By Anton Chekhov
"The Three Sisters"by Anton Chekhov
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The Steppe And Other Stories By Anton Chekhov
The Steppe And Other Storiesby Anton Chekhov
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The Duel By Anton Chekhov
The Duelby Anton Chekhov
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Anton Chekhov's Selected Plays By Anton Chekhov
Anton Chekhov's Selected Playsby Anton Chekhov
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Uncle Vanya By Anton Chekhov
Uncle Vanyaby Anton Chekhov
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The Seagull By Anton Chekhov
The Seagullby Anton Chekhov
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The Lady with the Little Dog and Other Stories, 1896-1904 By Anton Chekhov
The Lady with the Little Dog and Other Stories, 1896-1904by Anton Chekhov
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Anton Chekhov's Short Stories By Anton Chekhov
Anton Chekhov's Short Storiesby Anton Chekhov
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Five Plays By Anton Chekhov
Five Playsby Anton Chekhov
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Ward No. 6 and Other Stories (Barnes & Noble Classics Series) By Anton Chekhov
Ward No. 6 and Other Stories (Barnes & Noble Classics Series)by Anton Chekhov
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Ward No. 6 and Other Stories, 1892-1895 By Anton Chekhov
Ward No. 6 and Other Stories, 1892-1895by Anton Chekhov
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The Beauties By Anton Chekhov
The Beautiesby Anton Chekhov
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Young Chekhov By Anton Chekhov
Young Chekhovby Anton Chekhov
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Anton Chekhov: Selected Stories By Anton Chekhov
Anton Chekhov: Selected Storiesby Anton Chekhov
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Short Stories 1888 - 1895: Volume 4 (The Complete Stories of Anton Chekhov) By Anton Chekhov
Short Stories 1888 - 1895: Volume 4 (The Complete Stories of Anton Chekhov)by Anton Chekhov
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The Three Sisters By Anton Chekhov
The Three Sistersby Anton Chekhov
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Three Sisters By Anton Chekhov
Three Sistersby Anton Chekhov
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Ward Number Six and Other Stories By Anton Chekhov
Ward Number Six and Other Storiesby Anton Chekhov
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Six Great Modern Plays By Anton Chekhov
Six Great Modern Playsby Anton Chekhov
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The Shooting Party By Anton Chekhov
The Shooting Partyby Anton Chekhov
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Selected Stories By Anton Chekhov
Selected Storiesby Anton Chekhov
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Sakhalin Island By Anton Chekhov
Sakhalin Islandby Anton Chekhov
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The Cherry Orchard By Anton Chekhov
The Cherry Orchardby Anton Chekhov
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Royalty-Free One-Act Plays By Anton Chekhov
Royalty-Free One-Act Playsby Anton Chekhov
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My Life And Other Stories By Anton Chekhov
My Life And Other Storiesby Anton Chekhov
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The Seagull By Anton Chekhov
The Seagullby Anton Chekhov
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The Cherry Orchard By Anton Chekhov
The Cherry Orchardby Anton Chekhov
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The Prank By Anton Chekhov
The Prankby Anton Chekhov
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Three Sisters By Anton Chekhov
Three Sistersby Anton Chekhov
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Short Stories 1887: Volume 3 (The Complete Short Stories of Anton Chekhov) By Anton Chekhov
Short Stories 1887: Volume 3 (The Complete Short Stories of Anton Chekhov)by Anton Chekhov
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"The Cherry Orchard" By Anton Chekhov
"The Cherry Orchard"by Anton Chekhov
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Five Russian Dog Stories By Anton Chekhov
Five Russian Dog Storiesby Anton Chekhov
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Seagull By Anton Chekhov
Seagullby Anton Chekhov
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The Seagull By Anton Chekhov
The Seagullby Anton Chekhov
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Seven Short Novels By Anton Chekhov
Seven Short Novelsby Anton Chekhov
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Sakhalin Island By Anton Chekhov
Sakhalin Islandby Anton Chekhov
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The Sea Gull By Anton Chekhov
The Sea Gullby Anton Chekhov
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Uncle Vanya By Anton Chekhov
Uncle Vanyaby Anton Chekhov
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