Chapters conclude with "Summary," "Key Terms," and "Suggested Readings."
I.INTRODUCTION. 1.Basic Questions.
Nature and Nurture: An Ancient Debate.
Interactions of Nature and Nurture.
The Nature of Developmental Change.
Theories of Development.
Finding the Answers: Research on Development.
A Final Word.
II.THE BEGINNINGS OF LIFE. 2.Prenatal Development.
The Basic Genetics of Conception.
Patterns of Genetic Inheritance.
Twins and Siblings.
Genotypes and Phenotypes.
Development from Conception to Birth.
An Overview of Prenatal Development.
Teratogens: Diseases and Drugs.
Other Influences on Prenatal Development.
An Overview of Risks and Long-Term Consequences of Prenatal Problems.
Sex Differences in Prenatal Development.
Social Class Differences.3.Birth and the Newborn Child.
Adapting to the Newborn.
The Newborn: What Can He Do?
The Daily Life of Infants.
Individual Differences among Babies.
III.THE PHYSICAL CHILD. 4.Physical Development.
Four Reasons for Studying Physical Development.
Basic Sequences and Common Patterns.
Development of Sexual Maturity.
Using the Body: Motor Development.
Variations in Rate of Development.
Health and Illness.
Determinants of Growth: Explanations of Physical Development.5.Perceptual Development.
Ways of Studying Early Perceptual Skills.
Basic Sensory Skills.
Complex Perceptual Skills: Preferences, Discriminations, and Patterns.
Ignoring Perceptual Information: The Perceptual Constancies.
The Object Concept.
Perception of Social Signals.
Individual Differences in Perception: Speed and Efficiency.
Explanations of Perceptual Development.
Perceptual Development: A Summing-Up.
IV.THE THINKING CHILD. 6.Cognitive Development I: Structure and Process.
Three Views of Intelligence.
The Preschool Years.
The School-Age Child.
Cognitive Development in Adolescence.
Preliminary Conclusions and Questions.
Information Processing in Children.7.Cognitive Development II: Individual Difference in Cognitive Abilities.
Measuring Intellectual Power: IQ Tests and Other Measures.
Stability and Predictive Value of IQ Tests.
An Alternative View: Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence.
Explaining Differences in IQ Scores.
Interaction of Heredity and Environment.
Group Differences in IQ Scores.
The Measurement of Intelligence: A Last Look.
Individual Differences in Information Processing.
Cognitive Development: Putting the Three Approaches Together.8.The Development of Language.
What Is Language Anyway?
Before the First Word: The Prelinguistic Phase.
The First Words.
Speaking in Sentences: The Development of Grammar.
The Development of Word Meaning.
Using Language: Communication and Self-Direction.
Explaining Language Development.
Individual Differences in Language Development.
An Application of the Basic Knowledge: Learning to Read.
V.THE SOCIAL CHILD. 9.Personality Development: Alternative Views.
Defining Personality in Adults.
Defining Personality in Children.
Genetic and Biological Explanations.
A Possible Synthesis.10.The Concept of Self in Children.
The Development of the Concept of Self.
The Self-Concept: A Summing-Up.
The Development of Gender and Sex-Role Concepts.11.The Development of Social Relationships.
Attachment Theory: Concepts and Terminology.
The Parents' Bond to the Child.
The Baby's Attachment to the Parent.
Variations in the Quality of Infants' Attachment.
Relationships with Peers: Playmates and Friends.
Behavior with Peers: Prosocial Behavior and Aggression.
Individual Differences in Peer Relationships.12.Thinking about Relationships: The Development of Social Cognition.
Some General Principles and Issues.
Reading Others' Feelings.
Describing Other People.
Making Moral Judgments.
Social Cognition and Behavior.
Social Cognition and General Cognitive Development.
VI.THE WHOLE CHILD. 13.The Ecology of Development: The Child within the Family System.
Dimensions of Family Interaction.
Patterns or Styles of Child Rearing.
Other Aspects of Family Dynamics.
Some Exosystem Effects: Parents' Work and Social Support.14.Beyond the Family: The Impact of the Broader Culture.
The Impact of Schools.
Joining the Work World: The Impact of Jobs on Teenagers.
The Impact of the Mass Media.
Macrosystem Effects: The Impact of the Larger Culture.15.Atypical Development.
Frequency of Problems.
Developmental Psychopathology: A New Approach.
The Psychopathologies of Childhood.
Intellectually Atypical Development.
Schooling for Atypical Children.
Sex Differences in Atypical Development.
A Final Point.16.Putting It All Together: The Developing Child.
Transitions, Consolidations, and Systems.
From Birth to 18 Months.
The Preschool Years.
The Elementary School Years.
Returning to Some Basic Questions.
A Final Point: The Joy of Development.References. Index.