Focuses on the major role of Barbara Hackman Franklin, a staff assistant to President Nixon, in expanding opportunities for women in government and in American society in general. Shows how the Nixon administration's achievements reflected the national debate over the role of women.
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In August 1972, Newsweek proclaimed that "the person in Washington who has done the most for the women's movement may be Richard Nixon." Today, opinions of the Nixon administration are strongly colored by foreign policy successes and the Watergate debacle. Its accomplishments in advancing the role of women in government have been largely forgotten. Based on the "A Few Good Women" oral history project at the Penn State University Libraries, A Matter of Simple Justice illuminates the administration's groundbreaking efforts to expand the role of women-and the long-term consequences for women in the American workplace.
At the forefront of these efforts was Barbara Hackman Franklin, a staff assistant to the president who was hired to recruit more women into the upper levels of the federal government. Franklin, at the direction of President Nixon, White House counselor Robert Finch, and personnel director Fred Malek, became the administration's de facto spokesperson on women's issues. She helped bring more than one hundred women into executive positions in the government and created a talent bank of more than a thousand names of qualified women. The Nixon administration expanded the numbers of women on presidential commissions and boards, changed civil service rules to open thousands more federal jobs to women, and expanded enforcement of antidiscrimination laws to include gender discrimination. Also during this time, Congress approved the Equal Rights Amendment and Nixon signed Title IX of the Education Amendments into law. The story of Barbara Hackman Franklin and those "few good women" shows how the advances that were made in this time by a Republican presidency both reflected the national debate over the role of women in society and took major steps toward equality in the workplace for women.
-Cindy Simmons, Centre Daily Times
-Lynn Ondrusek, Lancaster Sunday News
-Emily Walker Cook, The Oral History Review
-Muhtar Kent, Chairman and CEO, The Coca-Cola Company
-Tricia Nixon Cox
-Julie Nixon Eisenhower
-Henry A. Kissinger, former Secretary of State
Lee Stout is Librarian Emeritus at the Penn State University Libraries. His recent book Ice Cream U: The Story of the Nation's Most Successful Collegiate Creamery (2009) is also distributed by Penn State Press.
introduction: The Question and the Answer
part 1 Advancing Women's Role in Government: Barbara Hackman Franklin
1. Some Historical Background
2. Women's Appointments and the President's Task Force on Women's Rights and Responsibilities
3. Setting the Stage for a Program
4. Calling Barbara Franklin: The Initiative Is Under Way
5. The Women's Program Meets Its Goals
part 2 A Few Good Women in Their Own Words
6. Recounting Early Infl uences and the Special Role of
Women in the Legal Profession
7. Recalling Barriers, Appointments, and Family Impact
8. Considering Networking, the President, and the Impact of the Women's Program
conclusion: Breaking Barriers and Opening the Floodgates
afterword by barbara hackman franklin
appendix: The "A Few Good Women" Oral History Project