Part I: Essentials of Movement; Chapter 1. Muscles and How They Move; Chapter 2. Neurological Control of Movement; Chapter 3. Neuromuscular Adaptations to Resistance Training; Part II: Energy for Movement; Chapter 4. Metabolism, Energy, and the Basic Energy Systems; Chapter 5. Hormonal Regulation of Exercise; Chapter 6. Metabolic Adaptations to Training; Part III: Cardiovascular and Respiratory Function and Performance; Chapter 7. Cardiovascular Control During Exercise; Chapter 8. Respiratory Regulation During Exercise; Chapter 9. Cardiovascular and Respiratory Adaptations to Training; Part IV: Environmental Influences on Performance; Chapter 10. Exercise in Hot and Cold Environments: Thermoregulation; Chapter 11. Exercise in Hypobaric, Hyperbaric, and Microgravity Environments; Part V: Optimizing Performance In Sport; Chapter 12. Training for Sport; Chapter 13. Nutrition and Sport; Chapter 14. Body Weight, Body Composition, and Sport; Chapter 15. Ergogenic Aids and Sport; Part VI: Age and Sex Considerations In Sport and Exercise; Chapter 16. Children and Adolescents in Sport and Exercise; Chapter 17. Aging in Sport and Exercise; Chapter 18. Sex Differences in Sport and Exercise; Part VII: Physical Activity for Health and Fitness; Chapter 19. Prescription of Exercise for Health and Fitness; Chapter 20. Cardiovascular Disease and Physical Activity; Chapter 21. Obesity, Diabetes, and Physical Activity.