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Restorative Justice in Prisons By Kimmett Edgar

Restorative Justice in Prisons by Kimmett Edgar

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Offering a fresh perspective on the needs of victims, this book explains how restorative justice can be delivered in the prison setting. It is intended to enable prisons and the practitioners who work in and with them to translate the theory into action.

Restorative Justice in Prisons Summary

Restorative Justice in Prisons: A Guide to Making it Happen by Kimmett Edgar

Leading edge information and ideas from two of the UK's most respected practitioners and authorities. A handbook for people who want to make a difference when working with prisoners. It suggests the tools for this and offers guidance - and is wholly up to speed with what is happening in UK prisons. * Essential reading for every RJ practitioner and student * One of the most important penal reform books for years - Part of a major initiative across UK prisons * Designed to be used in conjunction with the free toolkits available for download from Restorative Justice in Prisons was launched at Brixton Prison in 2006. Prison as an institution is sometimes taken to represent the opposite of restorative justice. The culture of prisons includes coercion, highly structured and controlled regimes, banishment achieved through physical separation, and blame and punishment - whereas restorative justice values empowerment, voluntarism, respect, and treating people as individuals. Recent developments in some prisons demonstrate a far more welcoming environment for restorative work. Examples such as reaching out to victims of crime, providing prisoners with a range of opportunities to make amends and experimenting with mediation in response to conflicts within prisons show that it is possible to implement restorative justice principles in everyday prison activities. Guided by restorative justice, prisons can become places of healing and personal transformation, serving the community as well as those directly affected by crime: victims and offenders. This new book advocates the further expansion of restorative justice in prisons. Building on a widespread interest in the concept and its potential, the authors have produced a guide to enable prisons and the practitioners who work in and with them to translate the theory into action. Reviews 'This book is evidence that restorative approaches have much to offer the prison services in seeking to make their operations effective in meeting prisoner and public needs ...It successfully translates theory into practice and provides a model for organisational and cultural change in prisons': International Review of Victimology 'What strikes you as you read through this text is the sheer simplicity with which Edgar and Newell have captured the changes that are so apparently needed in the prison system today': Andy Bain, Institute of Criminal Justice Studies, University of Portsmouth

Restorative Justice in Prisons Reviews

'This is essential reading not just for those interested in penal policy, but for anyone with a broader interest in effecting organisational change.'Thames View (June 2007)'This is a wonderfully useful tool for influencing policymakers towards a better system. Meticulously researched and rationally argued throughout, the authors speak direct to government, police and prison service on their own terms, neatly arguing that all those institutions will achieve their objectives, if they adopt the restorative approach... There are wonderful insights in this book as we would expect from two professionals who have devoted so much of their lives to work in our prisons... it is the authors' unerring grasp of current police, prison and government cultures and their confidence that these can be moved gently towards restorative justice, that makes this book so significant for prison reform.'John Myhill JP, The Magistrate'In the hands of creative and visionary correctional leaders, [this book] will inevitably serve to inspire and equip them toward meaningful and lasting change. For many people, the marriage of restorative justice and prisons is an unimaginable relationship - one destined to produce either still birth or monster child. Much of what has been written about restorative justice in the past can readily be characterized as a criticism of the power and processes embedded in the more familiar "find, prove and punish" criminal justice system we've become used to. At its extreme, some restorative justice writers define the concept in almost revolutionary terms - restoring to the average person the conflicts which have been stolen from them by their government. Any attempt to work with existing criminal justice players, from this viewpoint, is seen as undermining the true intent of the restorative justice movement.On the other hand, for most societies, prisons have become the extreme embodiment of punishment. It is the most severe expression of control which the government can exercise over its population. In application, prisons have given rise to cultures which are largely oppressive - based on discipline, regimentation and control. On the surface, it seems the least likely candidate as a breeding ground for restorative justice. It is easy to imagine restorative justice dying under the weight of this oppression or being transformed into yet another tool to justify the control of the state.At least, that is what it looks like in caricatured world.In this book, Edgar and Newell sensitively and realistically cover much needed territory. They offer restorative justice advocates a much clearer picture of the prison context. At the same time, they offer those involved with prisons a much clearer picture of restorative justice. While never denying the inherit challenges and incompatibilities that exist between prisons and restorative justice, the authors offer astute observations about numerous practical opportunities for transforming the prison experience so that it can contribute broadly to a restorative response to crime.Using the first two chapters to introduce some core theory about restorative justice, its application and potential role in prisons, the authors next venture into a comprehensive overview of prison cultures. By identifying an organizational culture web that consists of six dimensions (power structures, organisational structures, control systems, routines/rituals, myths/stories, symbols), they are able to isolate specific ideas and examples of how to affect broad based culture change within prisons. Moreover, the fifth chapter translates this into a more detailed description of a restorative prison and focuses on three key areas to illustrate how restorative justice could be brought to life. The sixth chapter identifies trends within the United Kingdom that seem to compel and support the evolution of restorative justice prisons in that country. In the seventh and final chapter, the authors offer key advice about areas that require special attention in pursuing the objective of restorative prisons.More than a philosophical argument for restorative justice in prisons, Edgar and Newell draw heavily on their personal and professional experiences as well as on those of others. Their observations are grounded firmly in the real world. As their title suggests, the book compels one to action. While the frequent references specific to U.K. prisons can be somewhat disorienting to foreign eyes, the lessons that underlie them are universal. This book would be an asset to anyone interested in the evolution of prison roles. In the hands of creative and visionary correctional leaders, it will inevitably serve to inspire and equip them toward meaningful and lasting change.Scott Harris, Director, Restorative Justice, Correctional Service of Canada'A book of international importance ... An authoritative guide' This unique volume addresses a major gap in the already impressive range of literature on Restorative Justice. Not even the most comprehensive study to date, Sullivan and Tifft (eds.) A Handbook of Restorative Justice: a Global Perspective (2006), touches the critical issue of the place of restorative processes in prisons. Edgar and Newell's persuasive and well-documented work is therefore of international importance.Edgar and Newell are persuaded that restorative processes have 'great potential to humanize prisons, improve safety, enhance social order, and make the experience less hostile and damaging for all concerned.' They are also keenly aware that prisons can serve as sanctuaries in which prisoners are prepared for re-integration into civil society. But surely, some might argue, that is precisely what is happening in prisons already. After all, the Statement of Purpose for HM Prisons declares the duty to care for prisoners 'with humanity and help them lead law-abiding and useful lives in custody and after release.' But as the fascinating history of HM Prisons reveals, vision and reality do not yet fully converge. To be sure, the system has been changing in very profound ways over the past 250 years in response to new wisdom and societal understandings. (See, for example, Brodie, Croom and Davies' illustrated Behind Bars: The Hidden Architecture of England's Prisons, 1999). The book by Edgar and Newell is part of that creative process.Ultimately, justice is about values, and it is these that the authors are particularly adept at exploring. Those in correctional professions will find themselves challenged to re-think the cultures of restraint and authority which characterize much of prison life. But they will be aided along the way by expert authors who fully understand the deep tensions inherent among contending philosophies of justice and correctional practice. The authors respect and explain the significant differences between the two major correctional approaches: RJ on the one hand, and what one generally refers to as 'the retributive approach' on the other. They reject the notion of some justice practitioners that RJ is a 'soft touch' that does not give criminals 'what they deserve;' they reject equally the notion of some RJ advocates who find prisons anathema. The authors do not see prisons and RJ as standing necessarily in opposition at all. Indeed, they remain convinced that the restorative focus on the stakeholders of any crime - victims, offenders, community, and indeed justice officials themselves - make it an ideal complement to the criminal justice system. Central to this view is RJ's methods of problem-solving and dealing with trauma. A distinctive strength of RJ is its future-orientation that sets its sights on re-integrative and healing outcomes. It aims at harmony rather than merely order for its own sake.The authors introduce their subject by defining Restorative Justice, examining its varieties of emphasis and approach, and elucidating the concepts of empowerment and particularity. The latter focuses on the unique aspects of each situation, and recognizes that no two situations of harm are ever precisely the same. This often calls for different solutions to apparently similar conflicts. Continuing in this vein, the authors compare RJ and the criminal justice system in the UK , and evaluate RJ and prisons. Subsequent chapters deal with 'restorative values' (such as healing, voluntary participation, inclusiveness and personal accountability), organizational culture (i.e. 'the cultural web of prisons'), resistance to change (i.e. conflicting paradigms, social order in prison, cultural resistance within the police), and suggest a model for the restorative prison. The book blends both theory and practice. Thus it examines the foundations of a restorative prison, operational applications of RJ, restorative work in pre-release and complaints, responsibility in sentencing, and the National Action Plan to Reduce Re-Offending. It concludes with clear guidance for criminal justice agencies and summarizes the experience of using restorative methods in prisons. Appendices provide case-studies, and a glossary of terms.One area receives rather less overt attention than others: the role of faith traditions in RJ practice. Perhaps this is because the demographics of the UK do not yet reveal a significant level of pluralism and multiculturalism. Yet, if media reports are any indication, that time will come very soon. Meanwhile, countries like New Zealand and Canada have led in this field in both theory and practice. Here the Handbook, mentioned above, devotes a number of chapters to the diverse spiritual foundations of RJ, to multi faith reflection on crime, and on justice as sanctuary. These chapters recognize RJ as a spiritual process that can transform persons, situations and institutions. That said, these understandings underpin the volume by Edgar and Newell. The authors are implicitly aware of the bedrock foundations on which their arguments rest. Their book on Restorative Justice in Prisons is an authoritative guide to making it happen.Michael L. Hadley, University of Victoria, Canada

Table of Contents

Foreword Erwin JamesCHAPTER1. Introduction and BackgroundDefining restorative justiceVarieties of restorative practicesEmpowerment and particularityWhat is, and is not, restorative justice?Restorative justice and criminal justice in the UKRestorative justice and prisonsConclusion2. Restorative ValuesThe core values of restorative justiceProgramme integrityPressure points in the definitionParadigm shift or evolution?3. Organizational CultureIntroducing restorative culture into prisons 38 Organizational cultureThe cultural web of prisonsRestorative influences on the cultural webA restorative system of building social order4. Resistance to ChangeConflicting paradigmsWhat matters in prisonValues, restorative justice and conflictSocial order in prisonValues inherent in Prison Service policiesCultural resistance within the policeA model for the restorative prison5. What a Restorative Justice Prison WouldLook LikeThe foundations of a restorative prisonOperational applications of restorative justicePre-release, anti-bullying and complaintsConclusion6. The Restorative SentenceResponsibility in sentencingThe responsible sentenceSome further thoughtsPrisons, restoring offenders and the harms of social exclusionNational Action Plan to Reduce Re-offendingThe role of the prison officerPromoting social re-inclusionComments on the Action Plan7. ConclusionGuidance for criminal justice agenciesExperience of restorative methods in prisonsNext stepsAppendix: Two Case StudiesGlossary of TermsReferencesIndexList of Diagrams, Figures, Tables and Boxes

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Restorative Justice in Prisons: A Guide to Making it Happen by Kimmett Edgar
Used - Very Good
Waterside Press
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