This passionate book is a bracing critique of the critical self-indulgence that calls itself cosmopolitanism. Brennan traces his subject from Orwell to Kristeva, from "third world" writing to the Nobel Prize. A critical call to arms, the book strips the false and heedless from the new cosmopolitanism in order to revitalize the idea.
At Home in the World: Cosmopolitanism Now by Timothy Brennan
From every quarter we hear of a new global culture, postcolonial, hybrid, announcing the death of nationalism, the arrival of cosmopolitanism. But under the drumbeat attending this trend, Timothy Brennan detects another, altogether different sound. Polemical, passionate, certain to provoke, his book exposes the drama being played out under the guise of globalism. A bracing critique of the critical self-indulgence that calls itself cosmopolitanism, it also takes note of the many countervailing forces acting against globalism in its facile, homogenizing sense. The developments Brennan traces occur in many places--editorial pages, policy journals, corporate training manuals, and, primarily, in the arts. His subject takes him from George Orwell to Julia Kristeva, from Subcommandante Marcos to Julio Cortazar, from Ernst Bloch to contemporary apologists for transnational capitalism and "liberation management," from "third world" writing to the Nobel Prize, with little of critical theory or cultural studies left untouched in between. Brennan gives extended treatment to two exemplary figures: the Trinidadian writer C. L. R. James, whose work suggests an alternative approach to cultural studies; and the Cuban writer Alejo Carpentier, whose appreciation of Cuban popular music cuts through the usual distinctions between mass and elite culture. A critical call to arms, At Home in the World summons intellectuals and scholars to reinvigorate critical cultural studies. In stripping the false and heedless from the new cosmopolitanism, Brennan revitalizes the idea.
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This wide-ranging book unearths and challenges the spectral tenets of cosmopolitanism as articulated through the thesis of globalisation. In a highly entertaining and thorough dissection of the 'new' cosmopolitanism, Brennan argues that it is indeed not new, but founded on existing Western-oriented values, beliefs and structures. Brennan traces this movement across a varied but totalled terrain to note a theory of cosmopolitanism expressed within academia, the media and political and economic discourses and institutions. Through this analysis, Brennan uncovers an uncritical celebration of postmodernity and perceptions of differentiation, for example, cultural syncretism and cultural specificity, that fail to note the discourses of Western hegemony informing and sustaining these discussions. -- Brett St. Louis Booknotes This wide-ranging book unearths and challenges the spectral tenets of cosmopolitanism as articulated through the thesis of globalisation. In a highly entertaining and thorough dissection of the new cosmopolitanism, Brennan argues that it is indeed not new, but founded on existing Western-oriented values, beliefs and structures. Brennan traces this movement across a varied but totalled terrain to note a theory of cosmopolitanism expressed within academia, the media and political and economic discourses and institutions. Through this analysis, Brennan uncovers an uncritical celebration of postmodernity and perceptions of differentiation, for example, cultural syncretism and cultural specificity, that fail to note the discourses of Western hegemony informing and sustaining these discussions. -- Brett St. Louis New Formations Timothy Brennan first contributed to [the] controversies [surrounding cosmopolitanism] in his trenchant study of Salman Rushdie and the Third World. What interested him at the time was how such writers as Derek Walcott became fashionable by virtue of a 'cosmopolitanism' which made them ambiguous witnesses...Brennan's formidable new book, At Home in the World elaborates this diagnosis, extending the account of 'cosmopolitanism' to include the internationally informed academics, journalists, and policy advisors who are (in his view) stifling the message of liberation movements and clearing the way for a globalism, which is American capitalism writ large. The idea that Disney and McDonald's are taking over the world is not exactly novel, but Brennan gives a nuanced account of globalization and he has fresh, provocative things to say about the role of intellectuals in the New World Order. Most of those engaged in postcolonial criticism would consider themselves radical, but Brennan contends that they advance the interests of Western pluralism when they celebrate 'hybridity' or 'problematize' situations which are exploitive. -- John Kerrigan Times Literary Supplement One of the best things about this very good book is its genuinely interdisciplinary--or better, trans- or nondisciplinary--approach and perspectives. It is exhilarating and, in the best sense, thought-provoking to see discussed, linked, contrasted, et cetera, so many objects of scrutiny drawn from so many different areas...And all this from a position that lacks nothing in theoretical sophistication and self-awareness. Brennan's unique combinatoire of diverse perspectives forms what might be called a new, original disciplinary constellation, as Benjamin has taught us to see such structures of thought...I wish I had more space in which to tout the virtues of At Home in the World...More than any theorist or critic I have read in a long time, Brennan offers a penetrating scrutiny and profound critique of academic and intellectual practice in our day and shows why taking part in it is worth the effort. -- David S. Gross World Literature Today In this brilliant, erudite, and difficult book, Tim Brennan takes critical aim at postcolonial studies and what might be called 'transnational cultural studies'...At Home in the World is not merely a critical study. Ranging across national literatures, cultures and languages--and authoritatively sampling material from such fields as business studies, sociology, communication studies, political economy, ethnomusicology, and philosophical aesthetics in addition to the arts--it does more than protest the insufficiency and political undesirability of the form of cosmopolitanism typically found in postcolonial and cultural studies. It also offers a powerful, reasoned defense of that alternative (internationalist) conception of cosmopolitanism implicit in the practice of socialist politico-intellectuals like Carpentier and James, Walter Rodney and George Lamming...At Home in the World is, I think, certain to change the prevailing thrust of postcolonial studies, forcing the field's established practitioners to reconsider their critical priorities and giving enormous support and encouragement to those interested in returning questions of collective struggle and solidaristic intellectual practice to centre stage. It represents a truly formidable achievement. -- Neil Lazarus Race & Class
About Timothy Brennan
Timothy Brennan is Associate Professor of English at the State University of New York, Stony Brook.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments Introduction Claims to Global Culture: America Abroad Du Bois's Color and Democracy and the "Red" Color Line The Public face of the "Third-World" Writer States of Theory and the Absence of States The Contradictions of Binary Thinking: Cosmopolitanism and Method Nizan Fights the Watchdogs: The Obvious Must Be Explained Cultural Studies and Colonial Progress Anna Deveare Smith, or Authenticity without Apologoes The Culture of the Transnational Corporation If the Nation Is Dead, Why Doesn't Henry Kissinger Know It? George Orwell as Julia Kristeva: The 1950s in the 1990s Mangerial Training Manuals: What Is National in the Transnational Gatt Poetics and the Traveling Critic: Cosmopolitanism and the Explorer's Eye The Sublimation of Poverty: New York's Lower East Side "Marcos" and Cortazar: Two Alternatives to Contemporary Travel Narrative The Literary in the Light of the Nobel Prize: Morrison and Walcott A Few Thoughts on What the Postcolonial Leaves Out Cosmopolitanism's American Base: C. L. R. James in New York, 1950 Socialist Desire: Ernst Bloch in America Cosmopolitanism, America, and the Cold War The Struggle for Happiness-Winning in Desperate Times by Loving What Is James's Art Exceptional Americanism and the U.S. Mass Culture Debate The World Cuban: Alejo Carpentier and Cuban Popular Music From Paris to Havana Ethnographic Surrealism: The Red and the Black Salsa and the Cuban Image Reading Mass Culture through Youth The Indigenous and the In-Between Conclusion Notes Index
At Home in the World: Cosmopolitanism Now by Timothy Brennan
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