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CCNA Security 210-260 Official Cert Guide By Omar Santos

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CCNA Security 210-260 Official Cert Guide Summary

CCNA Security 210-260 Official Cert Guide by Omar Santos

CCNA Security 210-260 Official Cert Guide

CCNA Security 210-260 Official Cert Guide is a best-of-breed Cisco exam study guide that focuses specifically on the objectives for the CCNA Security Implementing Cisco Network Security (IINS) 210-260 exam. Cisco Security experts Omar Santos and John Stuppi share preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills. Material is presented in a concise manner, focusing on increasing your understanding and retention of exam topics.

CCNA Security 210-260 Official Cert Guide presents you with an organized test-preparation routine through the use of proven series elements and techniques. "Do I Know This Already?" quizzes open each chapter and enable you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section. A list of official exam topics makes referencing easy. Chapter-ending Exam Preparation Tasks help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly.

The companion CD-ROM contains the powerful Pearson IT Certification Practice Test engine that enables you to focus on individual topic areas or take complete, timed exams. The assessment engine also tracks your performance and provides feedback on a chapter-by-chapter basis, laying out a complete assessment of your knowledge to help you focus your study where it is needed most. The CD also contains 90 minutes of video training on CCP, NAT, object groups, ACLs, port security on a Layer 2 switch, CP3L, and zone-based firewalls.

Well regarded for its level of detail, assessment features, and challenging review questions and exercises, this official study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that will enable you to succeed on the exam the first time.

CCNA Security 210-260 Official Cert Guide is part of a recommended learning path from Cisco that includes simulation and hands-on training from authorized Cisco Learning Partners and self-study products from Cisco Press. To find out more about instructor-led training, e-learning, and hands-on instruction offered by authorized Cisco Learning Partners worldwide, please visit

The official study guide helps you master all the topics on the CCNA Security Implementing Cisco Network Security (IINS) 210-260 exam, including

* Security concepts and threats

* Implementing AAA using IOS and ISE

* Bring Your Own Device (BYOD)

* VPN technology and cryptography

* IP security

* Implementing IPsec site-to-site VPNs

* Implementing SSL remote-access VPNs using Cisco ASA

* Securing Layer 2 technologies

* Network Foundation Protection (NFP)

* Securing the management, data, and control planes

* Understand, implement, and configure Cisco firewall technologies

* Cisco IPS fundamentals

* Mitigation technologies for e-mail, web-based, and endpoint threats

The CD-ROM contains two free, complete practice exams and 90 minutes of video training.

Includes Exclusive Offer for 70% Off Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test

Pearson IT Certification Practice Test minimum system requirements:

Windows XP (SP3), Windows Vista (SP2), Windows 7, or Windows 8; Microsoft .NET Framework 4.0 Client; Pentium class 1GHz processor (or equivalent); 512MB RAM; 650MB disk space plus 50MB for each downloaded practice exam; access to the Internet to register and download the exam databases

Category: Cisco Press-Cisco Certification

Covers: CCNA Security 210-260

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About Omar Santos

Omar Santos is the technical leader for the Cisco Product Security Incident Response Team (PSIRT). He mentors and leads engineers and incident managers during the investigation and resolution of security vulnerabilities in all Cisco products. Omar has been working with information technology and cybersecurity since the mid-1990s. Omar has designed, implemented, and supported numerous secure networks for Fortune 100 and 500 companies and for the U.S. government. Prior to his current role, he was a technical leader within the World Wide Security Practice and the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC), where he taught, led, and mentored many engineers within both organizations.

Omar is an active member of the security community, where he leads several industrywide initiatives and standards bodies. His active role helps businesses, academic institutions, state and local law enforcement agencies, and other participants that are dedicated to increasing the security of the critical infrastructure.

Omar is the author of several books and numerous white papers, articles, and security configuration guidelines and best practices. Omar has also delivered numerous technical presentations at many conferences and to Cisco customers and partners, in addition to many C-level executive presentations to many organizations.

John Stuppi, CCIE No. 11154 (Security), is a technical leader in the Cisco Security Solutions (CSS) organization at Cisco, where he consults Cisco customers on protecting their network against existing and emerging cybersecurity threats. In this role, John is responsible for providing effective techniques using Cisco product capabilities to provide identification and mitigation solutions for Cisco customers who are concerned with current or expected security threats to their network environments. Current projects include helping customers leverage DNS and NetFlow data to identify and subsequently mitigate network-based threats. John has presented multiple times on various network security topics at Cisco Live, Black Hat, and other customer-facing cybersecurity conferences. In addition, John contributes to the Cisco Security Portal through the publication of white papers, security blog posts, and cyber risk report articles. Before joining Cisco, John worked as a network engineer for JPMorgan and then as a network security engineer at Time, Inc., with both positions based in New York City. John is also a CISSP (#25525) and holds an Information Systems Security (INFOSEC) professional certification. In addition, John has a BSEE from Lehigh University and an MBA from Rutgers University. John lives in Ocean Township, New Jersey (a.k.a. the "Jersey Shore") with his wife, two kids, and dog.

Table of Contents

Introduction xxvi

Part I Fundamentals of Network Security

Chapter 1 Networking Security Concepts 3

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 3

Foundation Topics 6

Understanding Network and Information Security Basics 6

Network Security Objectives 6

Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability 6

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Security 7

Classifying Assets 8

Classifying Vulnerabilities 10

Classifying Countermeasures 10

What Do We Do with the Risk? 11

Recognizing Current Network Threats 12

Potential Attackers 12

Attack Methods 13

Attack Vectors 14

Man-in-the-Middle Attacks 14

Other Miscellaneous Attack Methods 15

Applying Fundamental Security Principles to Network Design 16

Guidelines 16

Network Topologies 17

Network Security for a Virtual Environment 20

How It All Fits Together 22

Exam Preparation Tasks 23

Review All the Key Topics 23

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 23

Define Key Terms 23

Chapter 2 Common Security Threats 25

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 25

Foundation Topics 27

Network Security Threat Landscape 27

Distributed Denial-of-Service Attacks 27

Social Engineering Methods 28

Social Engineering Tactics 29

Defenses Against Social Engineering 29

Malware Identification Tools 30

Methods Available for Malware Identification 30

Data Loss and Exfiltration Methods 31

Summary 32

Exam Preparation Tasks 33

Review All the Key Topics 33

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 33

Define Key Terms 33

Part II Secure Access

Chapter 3 Implementing AAA in Cisco IOS 35

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 35

Foundation Topics 38

Cisco Secure ACS, RADIUS, and TACACS 38

Why Use Cisco ACS? 38

On What Platform Does ACS Run? 38

What Is ISE? 39

Protocols Used Between the ACS and the Router 39

Protocol Choices Between the ACS Server and the Client (the Router) 40

Configuring Routers to Interoperate with an ACS Server 41

Configuring the ACS Server to Interoperate with a Router 51

Verifying and Troubleshooting Router-to-ACS Server Interactions 60

Exam Preparation Tasks 67

Review All the Key Topics 67

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 67

Define Key Terms 67

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 67

Chapter 4 Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) 71

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 71

Foundation Topics 73

Bring Your Own Device Fundamentals 73

BYOD Architecture Framework 74

BYOD Solution Components 74

Mobile Device Management 76

MDM Deployment Options 76

On-Premise MDM Deployment 77

Cloud-Based MDM Deployment 78

Exam Preparation Tasks 80

Review All the Key Topics 80

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 80

Define Key Terms 80

Part III Virtual Private Networks (VPN)

Chapter 5 Fundamentals of VPN Technology and Cryptography 83

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 83

Foundation Topics 87

Understanding VPNs and Why We Use Them 87

What Is a VPN? 87

Types of VPNs 88

Two Main Types of VPNs 88

Main Benefits of VPNs 89

Confidentiality 89

Data Integrity 90

Authentication 90

Antireplay Protection 90

Cryptography Basic Components 91

Ciphers and Keys 91

Ciphers 91

Keys 92

Block and Stream Ciphers 92

Block Ciphers 92

Stream Ciphers 92

Symmetric and Asymmetric Algorithms 92

Symmetric 93

Asymmetric 93

Hashes 94

Hashed Message Authentication Code 95

Digital Signatures 95

Digital Signatures in Action 95

Key Management 96

Next-Generation Encryption Protocols 97

IPsec and SSL 97

IPsec 97

SSL 98

Public Key Infrastructure 99

Public and Private Key Pairs 99

RSA Algorithm, the Keys, and Digital Certificates 99

Who Has Keys and a Digital Certificate? 100

How Two Parties Exchange Public Keys 100

Creating a Digital Signature 100

Certificate Authorities 100

Root and Identity Certificates 101

Root Certificate 101

Identity Certificate 102

Using the Digital Certificates to Get the Peer's Public Key 103

X.500 and X.509v3 Certificates 103

Authenticating and Enrolling with the CA 104

Public Key Cryptography Standards 105

Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol 105

Revoked Certificates 105

Uses for Digital Certificates 106

PKI Topologies 106

Single Root CA 107

Hierarchical CA with Subordinate CAs 107

Cross-Certifying CAs 107

Putting the Pieces of PKI to Work 107

ASA's Default Certificate 108

Viewing the Certificates in ASDM 108

Adding a New Root Certificate 109

Easier Method for Installing Both Root and Identity Certificates 111

Exam Preparation Tasks 116

Review All the Key Topics 116

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 117

Define Key Terms 117

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 117

Chapter 6 Fundamentals of IP Security 119

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 119

Foundation Topics 122

IPsec Concepts, Components, and Operations 122

The Goal of IPsec 122

The Internet Key Exchange (IKE) Protocol 123

The Play by Play for IPsec 124

Step 1: Negotiate the IKEv1 Phase 1 Tunnel 124

Step 2: Run the DH Key Exchange 125

Step 3: Authenticate the Peer 126

What About the User's Original Packet? 126

Leveraging What They Have Already Built 126

Now IPsec Can Protect the User's Packets 127

Traffic Before IPsec 127

Traffic After IPsec 127

Summary of the IPsec Story 128

Configuring and Verifying IPsec 129

Tools to Configure the Tunnels 129

Start with a Plan 129

Applying the Configuration 129

Viewing the CLI Equivalent at the Router 137

Completing and Verifying IPsec 139

Exam Preparation Tasks 146

Review All the Key Topics 146

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 146

Define Key Terms 146

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 147

Chapter 7 Implementing IPsec Site-to-Site VPNs 149

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 149

Foundation Topics 152

Planning and Preparing an IPsec Site-to-Site VPN 152

Customer Needs 152

Planning IKEv1 Phase 1 154

Planning IKEv1 Phase 2 154

Implementing and Verifying an IPsec Site-to-Site VPN in Cisco IOS Devices 155

Troubleshooting IPsec Site-to-Site VPNs in Cisco IOS 164

Implementing and Verifying an IPsec Site-to-Site VPN in Cisco ASA 179

Troubleshooting IPsec Site-to-Site VPNs in Cisco ASA 193

Exam Preparation Tasks 199

Review All the Key Topics 199

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 199

Define Key Terms 199

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 199

Chapter 8 Implementing SSL VPNs Using Cisco ASA 203

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 203

Foundation Topics 206

Functions and Use of SSL for VPNs 206

Is IPsec Out of the Picture? 206

SSL and TLS Protocol Framework 207

The Play by Play of SSL for VPNs 207

SSL VPN Flavors 208

Configuring Clientless SSL VPNs on ASA 209

Using the SSL VPN Wizard 209

Digital Certificates 211

Accessing the Connection Profile 211

Authenticating Users 211

Logging In 215

Seeing the VPN Activity from the Server 217

Using the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client 217

Types of SSL VPNs 218

Configuring the Cisco ASA to Terminate the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client Connections 218

Groups, Connection Profiles, and Defaults 225

One Item with Three Different Names 226

Split Tunneling 227

Troubleshooting SSL VPN 228

Troubleshooting SSL Negotiations 228

Troubleshooting AnyConnect Client Issues 228

Initial Connectivity Issues 228

Traffic-Specific Issues 230

Exam Preparation Tasks 231

Review All the Key Topics 231

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 231

Define Key Terms 231

Part IV Secure Routing and Switching

Chapter 9 Securing Layer 2 Technologies 233

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 233

Foundation Topics 236

VLAN and Trunking Fundamentals 236

What Is a VLAN? 236

Trunking with 802.1Q 238

Following the Frame, Step by Step 239

The Native VLAN on a Trunk 239

So, What Do You Want to Be? (Asks the Port) 239

Inter-VLAN Routing 240

The Challenge of Using Physical Interfaces Only 240

Using Virtual "Sub" Interfaces 240

Spanning-Tree Fundamentals 241

Loops in Networks Are Usually Bad 241

The Life of a Loop 241

The Solution to the Layer 2 Loop 242

STP Is Wary of New Ports 245

Improving the Time Until Forwarding 245

Common Layer 2 Threats and How to Mitigate Them 246

Disrupt the Bottom of the Wall, and the Top Is Disrupted, Too 246

Layer 2 Best Practices 246

Do Not Allow Negotiations 247

Layer 2 Security Toolkit 248

Specific Layer 2 Mitigation for CCNA Security 248

BPDU Guard 248

Root Guard 249

Port Security 250

CDP and LLDP 251

DHCP Snooping 253

Dynamic ARP Inspection 254

Exam Preparation Tasks 257

Review All the Key Topics 257

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 258

Review the Port Security Video Included with This Book 258

Define Key Terms 258

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 258

Chapter 10 Network Foundation Protection 261

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 261

Foundation Topics 264

Using Network Foundation Protection to Secure Networks 264

The Importance of the Network Infrastructure 264

The Network Foundation Protection Framework 264

Interdependence 265

Implementing NFP 265

Understanding the Management Plane 266

First Things First 266

Best Practices for Securing the Management Plane 267

Understanding the Control Plane 268

Best Practices for Securing the Control Plane 268

Understanding the Data Plane 270

Best Practices for Protecting the Data Plane 271

Additional Data Plane Protection Mechanisms 271

Exam Preparation Tasks 272

Review All the Key Topics 272

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 272

Define Key Terms 272

Chapter 11 Securing the Management Plane on Cisco IOS Devices 275

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 275

Foundation Topics 278

Securing Management Traffic 278

What Is Management Traffic and the Management Plane? 278

Beyond the Blue Rollover Cable 278

Management Plane Best Practices 278

Password Recommendations 281

Using AAA to Verify Users 281

AAA Components 282

Options for Storing Usernames, Passwords, and Access Rules 282

Authorizing VPN Users 283

Router Access Authentication 284

The AAA Method List 285

Role-Based Access Control 286

Custom Privilege Levels 287

Limiting the Administrator by Assigning a View 287

Encrypted Management Protocols 287

Using Logging Files 288

Understanding NTP 289

Protecting Cisco IOS Files 289

Implementing Security Measures to Protect the Management Plane 290

Implementing Strong Passwords 290

User Authentication with AAA 292

Using the CLI to Troubleshoot AAA for Cisco Routers 296

RBAC Privilege Level/Parser View 301

Implementing Parser Views 303

SSH and HTTPS 305

Implementing Logging Features 308

Configuring Syslog Support 308

SNMP Features 310

Configuring NTP 313

Secure Copy Protocol 315

Securing the Cisco IOS Image and Configuration Files 315

Exam Preparation Tasks 317

Review All the Key Topics 317

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 318

Define Key Terms 318

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 318

Chapter 12 Securing the Data Plane in IPv6 321

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 321

Foundation Topics 324

Understanding and Configuring IPv6 324

Why IPv6? 324

The Format of an IPv6 Address 325

Understanding the Shortcuts 327

Did We Get an Extra Address? 327

IPv6 Address Types 327

Configuring IPv6 Routing 330

Moving to IPv6 331

Developing a Security Plan for IPv6 332

Best Practices Common to Both IPv4 and IPv6 332

Threats Common to Both IPv4 and IPv6 333

The Focus on IPv6 Security 334

New Potential Risks with IPv6 334

IPv6 Best Practices 336

IPv6 Access Control Lists 337

Exam Preparation Tasks 338

Review All the Key Topics 338

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 338

Define Key Terms 338

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 338

Chapter 13 Securing Routing Protocols and the Control Plane 341

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 341

Foundation Topics 344

Securing the Control Plane 344

Minimizing the Impact of Control Plane Traffic on the CPU 344

Control Plane Policing 346

Control Plane Protection 348

Securing Routing Protocols 348

Implement Routing Update Authentication on OSPF 348

Implement Routing Update Authentication on EIGRP 349

Implement Routing Update Authentication on RIP 350

Implement Routing Update Authentication on BGP 351

Exam Preparation Tasks 353

Review All the Key Topics 353

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 353

Define Key Terms 353

Part V Cisco Firewall Technologies and Intrusion Prevention System Technologies

Chapter 14 Understanding Firewall Fundamentals 355

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 355

Foundation Topics 358

Firewall Concepts and Technologies 358

Firewall Technologies 358

Objectives of a Good Firewall 358

Firewall Justifications 359

The Defense-in-Depth Approach 360

Firewall Methodologies 361

Static Packet Filtering 362

Application Layer Gateway 363

Stateful Packet Filtering 363

Application Inspection 364

Transparent Firewalls 365

Next-Generation Firewalls 365

Using Network Address Translation 366

NAT Is About Hiding or Changing the Truth About Source Addresses 366

Inside, Outside, Local, Global 367

Port Address Translation 368

NAT Options 369

Creating and Deploying Firewalls 370

Firewall Technologies 370

Firewall Design Considerations 370

Firewall Access Rules 371

Packet-Filtering Access Rule Structure 372

Firewall Rule Design Guidelines 372

Rule Implementation Consistency 373

Exam Preparation Tasks 375

Review All the Key Topics 375

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 375

Define Key Terms 375

Chapter 15 Implementing Cisco IOS Zone-Based Firewalls 377

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 377

Foundation Topics 379

Cisco IOS Zone-Based Firewalls 379

How Zone-Based Firewall Operates 379

Specific Features of Zone-Based Firewalls 379

Zones and Why We Need Pairs of Them 380

Putting the Pieces Together 381

Service Policies 382

The Self Zone 384

Configuring and Verifying Cisco IOS Zone-Based Firewalls 385

First Things First 385

Using CCP to Configure the Firewall 386

Verifying the Firewall 399

Verifying the Configuration from the Command Line 400

Implementing NAT in Addition to ZBF 404

Verifying Whether NAT Is Working 407

Exam Preparation Tasks 409

Review All the Key Topics 409

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 409

Define Key Terms 409

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 409

Chapter 16 Configuring Basic Firewall Policies on Cisco ASA 413

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 413

Foundation Topics 416

The ASA Appliance Family and Features 416

Meet the ASA Family 416

ASA Features and Services 417

ASA Firewall Fundamentals 419

ASA Security Levels 419

The Default Flow of Traffic 420

Tools to Manage the ASA 422

Initial Access 422

Packet Filtering on the ASA 422

Implementing a Packet-Filtering ACL 423

Modular Policy Framework 424

Where to Apply a Policy 425

Configuring the ASA 425

Beginning the Configuration 425

Getting to the ASDM GUI 433

Configuring the Interfaces 435

IP Addresses for Clients 443

Basic Routing to the Internet 444

NAT and PAT 445

Permitting Additional Access Through the Firewall 447

Using Packet Tracer to Verify Which Packets Are Allowed 449

Verifying the Policy of No Telnet 453

Exam Preparation Tasks 454

Review All the Key Topics 454

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 454

Define Key Terms 454

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 455

Chapter 17 Cisco IDS/IPS Fundamentals 457

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 457

Foundation Topics 460

IPS Versus IDS 460

What Sensors Do 460

Difference Between IPS and IDS 460

Sensor Platforms 462

True/False Negatives/Positives 463

Positive/Negative Terminology 463

Identifying Malicious Traffic on the Network 463

Signature-Based IPS/IDS 464

Policy-Based IPS/IDS 464

Anomaly-Based IPS/IDS 464

Reputation-Based IPS/IDS 464

When Sensors Detect Malicious Traffic 465

Controlling Which Actions the Sensors Should Take 467

Implementing Actions Based on the Risk Rating 468

Circumventing an IPS/IDS 468

Managing Signatures 469

Signature or Severity Levels 470

Monitoring and Managing Alarms and Alerts 471

Security Intelligence 471

IPS/IDS Best Practices 472

Cisco Next-Generation IPS Solutions 472

Exam Preparation Tasks 474

Review All the Key Topics 474

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 474

Define Key Terms 474

Part VI Content and Endpoint Security

Chapter 18 Mitigation Technologies for E-mail-Based and Web-Based Threats 477

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 477

Foundation Topics 479

Mitigation Technology for E-mail-Based Threats 479

E-mail-Based Threats 479

Cisco Cloud E-mail Security 479

Cisco Hybrid E-mail Security 480

Cisco E-mail Security Appliance 480

Cisco ESA Initial Configuration 483

Mitigation Technology for Web-Based Threats 486

Cisco CWS 486

Cisco WSA 487

Cisco Content Security Management Appliance 491

Exam Preparation Tasks 493

Review All the Key Topics 493

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 493

Define Key Terms 493

Command Reference to Check Your Memory 493

Chapter 19 Mitigation Technologies for Endpoint Threats 495

"Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 495

Foundation Topics 497

Antivirus and Antimalware Solutions 497

Personal Firewalls and Host Intrusion Prevention Systems 498

Advanced Malware Protection for Endpoints 499

Hardware and Software Encryption of Endpoint Data 500

E-mail Encryption 500

Encrypting Endpoint Data at Rest 501

Virtual Private Networks 501

Exam Preparation Tasks 503

Review All the Key Topics 503

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 503

Define Key Terms 503

Part VII Final Preparation

Chapter 20 Final Preparation 505

Tools for Final Preparation 505

Exam Engine and Questions on the CD 505

Install the Exam Engine 505

Activate and Download the Practice Exam 506

Activating Other Exams 506

Premium Edition 506

The Cisco Learning Network 507

Memory Tables 507

Chapter-Ending Review Tools 507

Study Plan 507

Recall the Facts 507

Practice Configurations 508

Using the Exam Engine 508

Part VIII Appendixes

Appendix A Answers to the "Do I Know This Already?" Quizzes 511

Appendix B CCNA Security 210-260 (IINS) Exam Updates 517

Glossary 521

On the CD


Appendix C Memory Tables

Appendix D Memory Tables Answer Key

Appendix E Study Planner

9781587205668 TOC 8/14/2015

Additional information

CCNA Security 210-260 Official Cert Guide by Omar Santos
Omar Santos
Used - Very Good
Pearson Education (US)
Book picture is for illustrative purposes only, actual binding, cover or edition may vary.
This is a used book - there is no escaping the fact it has been read by someone else and it will show signs of wear and previous use. Overall we expect it to be in very good condition, but if you are not entirely satisfied please get in touch with us.