JOHN BRATTON is Professor of Sociology at Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, Canada. He was the first Director of the Workplace Learning Research Unit, at the University of Calgary. He has served on the faculties of Leeds Business School at Leeds Metropolitan University, University of Bradford, and the Open University, UK. MILITZA CALLINAN lectures in Organisational Behaviour and Human Resource Management at Leeds Business School, UK. CAROLYN FORSHAW lectures in professional writing at Thompson Rivers University. She has had more than twenty-five years experience in the field in Britain and Canada. PETER H SAWCHUK is cross-appointed to Sociology of Education and Industrial Relations departments at the University of Toronto, Canada.